Paralympian Miranda Biletski sues University of Regina for diving injuries

Wheelchair rugby Paralympian Miranda Biletski became a quadriplegic 12 years ago when she dove into the University of Regina pool and struck her head on the bottom. A trial starts Monday in which she is seeking millions of dollars to cover treatment, equipment, and pain and suffering.

University has denied negligence, blames accident on Biletski and her swim club

Miranda Biletski, who is on Canada's wheelchair rugby team, is suing the University of Regina over a pool accident that left her quadriplegic. (BC Wheelchair Sports)

As the first woman on Canada's national team for wheelchair rugby — also known as murderball — Paralympian Miranda Biletski never dwelled on the 2005 diving accident that left her quadriplegic. That doesn't mean she accepts how it happened.

A three-week jury trial begins Monday for her lawsuit against the University of Regina, which she claims was negligent.

At 16, the promising competitive swimmer dove off of starting blocks into the university pool, struck her head on the pool bottom and fractured her spinal cord near the base of her neck. 

I've had a pretty exceptional life thus far, and I know it ... but it doesn't change the fact that I wouldn't wish my situation upon anyone.- Miranda Biletski , Paralympian

Among her allegations are that the university's diving blocks were in an area that was too shallow, there wasn't enough water in the pool, and that the university was prescribing to standards it should have known were unsafe.

In a statement of defence, the University of Regina denies any negligence.

Biletski filed the lawsuit in 2007 and it's taken 10 years to make it to trial.

"It's something that's kind of always been the elephant in the room or lurking in the background the last 12 years that I've been trying to move on with my life," Biletski told CBC News. 

She is seeking damages in the millions of dollars.

In its statement of defence and a third party claim, the university is blaming the accident on Biletski and her swim club — the Regina Piranhas Swim Club.

'Catastrophic injury'

When Biletski was just 15, her parents moved the family from their hometown of Assiniboia in southern Saskatchewan to Regina so that Biletski could access more elite coaching and facilities. She joined the Regina Piranhas Swim Club at the University of Regina.

In June 2005, Biletski, who was then 16, performed a shallow dive off a starting block at swimming practice. The pool area in question was marked 1.22 metres, according to Biletski's lawyer, and a key point will be whether that was deep enough, taking into consideration the height of the diving blocks. 
Miranda Biletski on a diving block at a swim meet in Assiniboia, Sask., in 2004. (Submitted by Miranda Biletski)

The International Swimming Federation, a world governing body for competitive swimming, requires a minimum depth of 1.35 metres below starting blocks, but Swim Canada only enforces that depth for new pools built after 2002.

Biletski broke her cervical vertebrae when her head hit the pool bottom. She says she remembers floating face down in the water, waiting for someone to turn her over, then "freaking out" on the spinal board.

"This catastrophic injury immediately rendered [Biletski] a quadriplegic, which in all probability will continue throughout her life," her statement of claim states.

As a quadriplegic, Biletski has partial or complete paralysis in all four limbs. She has spent years undergoing gruelling therapy and training to regain enough function to compete in wheelchair rugby.

Biletski says she's been told her "biggest weakness" is her optimism, explaining that people want to use that against her when they fail to appreciate her extraordinary needs.

Shortly after the accident, Biletski watched Murderball, an Oscar-nominated documentary about the hard-hitting sport, and became consumed with excelling on the court. She has competed on Team Canada at world competitions and the Paralympics in Rio.

"I've had a pretty exceptional life thus far, and I know it ... but it doesn't change the fact that I wouldn't wish my situation upon anyone," Biletski said. 
Miranda Biletski is one of two women on Team Canada, and one of only a handful of women to play wheelchair rugby at the elite level worldwide. (Canadian Paralympic Committee)

The lawsuit seeks financial compensation for modifications to Biletski's home, caregivers, treatment or special equipment on top of what the government has already covered.

It also seeks general damages related to pain, suffering and loss of future income.

"I know a lot of people think our government pays for adaptive equipment and things you need, but they actually don't. It's just about guaranteeing my independence going forward," Biletski said.

University and swim club finger point

The university says it operated and maintained its pool facilities in line with "generally accepted and approved practices" and that Biletski was trained and experienced in shallow dives and voluntarily assumed any risk.

The University has filed its own suit against the Piranhas Swim Club to cover damages if liability is established.

The university claims the swim club entered into a contractual agreement with the university to use its pool facilities, and assumed responsibility for its swimmers, damage, or liability.

It asserts that the swim club had a responsibility to make sure the pool facilities were safe for use by the swimmers, including assessing the water level and determining "whether the depth was sufficient to allow safe entry in the water from the diving blocks."

In turn, the Piranhas Swim Club's statement of defence denies that its rental contract relieved the university of any responsibility or liability. It also states that the swim club had "no ability to alter the height of the diving blocks or increase the maximum depth of the water."


  • An earlier version of the story said that according to a statement of defence and a third-party claim, the university is blaming the accident on Biletski, the Regina Piranhas Swim Club and six coaches and representatives from the club. However, according to amended court documents, the six coaches and representatives have been dropped from the third-party claim.
    Sep 25, 2017 7:17 PM CT

About the Author

Bonnie Allen

Senior Reporter

Bonnie Allen is a senior reporter for CBC News based in Saskatchewan. Before returning to Canada in 2013, Allen spent four years reporting from across Africa, including Libya, South Sudan, Liberia and Sierra Leone. She holds a Master's in International Human Rights Law from the University of Oxford. @bonnieallenCBC