The Queen has rejected an appeal to intervene in Chief Theresa Spence's liquids-only protest, but says she is taking "careful note" of concerns for the chief's health.
In a letter dated Jan. 7, obtained by The Canadian Press, Buckingham Palace tells a supporter of Spence that the chief should deal instead with the federal cabinet.
"This is not a matter in which The Queen would intervene," says the letter.
"As a constitutional Sovereign, Her Majesty acts through her personal representative, the Governor General, on the advice of her Canadian Ministers and, therefore, it is to them that your appeal should be directed."
The letter also says the Queen understands the concerns about the welfare of Spence, who is now well into her sixth week of protest, surviving on fish broth and tea.
"Her Majesty has taken careful note of the concern you express for the welfare of Attawapiskat First Nations Chief Theresa Spence who is currently on a politically motivated hunger strike in Canada."
Spence supporter wrote appeal to Queen
The response is addressed to Jonathan Francoeur, a small businessman in British Columbia who took it upon himself to write to the Queen on Dec. 15. It is signed by Miss Jennie Vine, deputy to the senior correspondence officer.
A spokesman for Spence said he believed the letter to be a fake, but he also said he did not know Francoeur. He did not respond to questions about why he believed the letter was not genuine.
Francoeur said he wrote the letter on his own initiative and not in an official capacity. There is a long Facebook trail starting Dec. 15 describing the process he went through to write the letter, decide the content and post it. Francoeur received the response earlier this week and said there was absolutely no reason to believe the response was a fake.
Joanne Charette, spokeswoman for Rideau Hall, also said the letter looked genuine.
A spokesperson for Buckingham Palace said they would not comment on personal correspondence.
"I was reading a (Facebook) post and it was explaining the cause," Francoeur said in a telephone interview, when asked why he wrote to Buckingham Palace.
"It said to support the cause, it would be good for somebody to write the Queen and the prime minister."
Francoeur said he was at home nursing a broken toe and had time on his hands to compose the letters. He has not yet heard back from Prime Minister Stephen Harper, so now he has written to the Queen a second time.
"I can't communicate with the prime minister," he said. "I wanted her to know."
Spence is camped out on Victoria Island, within sight of the Parliament Buildings, where she says she will continue to protest until the Governor General and the prime minister meet all chiefs on the plight of First Nations people.
She announced last week she would boycott a meeting between the Assembly of First Nations and Harper because the Governor General would not be attending.
"We have sent a letter to Buckingham Palace, requesting that Queen Elizabeth II send forth her representative, which is the Governor General of Canada," Spence said in a statement on Jan. 9.
By that day, the response from the palace to Francoeur was already in the mail. The Queen's response was circulated among chiefs and Spence supporters this week.
Letter signals Harper's responsibility
While the letter may remove the palace from any official role in the controversy, it does send a signal to the prime minister that he bears great responsibility for the lengthy protest by Spence, said Isadore Day, chief of the Serpent River reserve near Elliot Lake, Ont.
"The prime minister needs to have a little bit of moral reflection," Day said.
'We think she's done her part, done her job. We don't want anyone to die.' —Grand Council Chief Patrick Madahbee
The fact the Queen wrote back at all is telling, he said.
"What I hear in that letter is a recognition and a concern for her health. That message should get through to the prime minister."
A growing list of political leaders and chiefs has begged Spence to give up her protest in order to maintain her health and lead her people. On Thursday, chiefs from Ontario who have been among her most ardent supporters echoed that message.
"We think she's done her part, done her job. We don't want anyone to die," said Grand Council Chief Patrick Madahbee of the Union of Ontario Indians.
Spence did not speak to reporters Thursday, nor did her spokespeople return messages. But Michele Audette, the president of the Native Women's Association of Canada who has grown close to Spence, says the chief was feeling "lively" on Wednesday night.
Potential 'backlash' if Spence dies
Chiefs are reluctantly beginning to contemplate what could happen if Spence or her co-protester Raymond Robinson die from their hunger protests.
"We have no idea about what this would trigger. So we're scared about that," said Madahbee.
Many chiefs are hoping that elders and people with cultural ties to Spence will be able to appeal to her to eat solid food again.
But Spence has indicated she will persist until the prime minister and Governor General hold a meeting with a broad array of chiefs.
There's a small chance there could be a meeting Jan. 24, but Harper's officials have said that it would be a one-on-one with National Chief Shawn Atleo, currently on sick leave because of the flu and exhaustion from dealing with political crises.
"I really think there will be a huge backlash of some sort" if Spence actually dies, said Judith Sayers, a University of Victoria assistant professor with decades of experience working with First Nations.
So many First Nations people are newly engaged in daily politics these days because of the Idle No More protest movement, and they are upset about the way meetings last week between Harper and the AFN took place, Sayers said.
"I think it could be mayhem."