Rental unit overrun by maggots, mould and feces after city program fails landlord
'It's disgusting in every possible way,' says Ottawa duplex owner Nitin Mehra, 32
By Ashley Burke, CBC News Posted: Oct 25, 2017 5:00 AM ET Last Updated: Oct 25, 2017 7:15 AM ET
Nitin Mehra thought he was doing a good deed.
The Ottawa man, 32, agreed to join a city-funded program that matches private landlords with homeless people who need a permanent place to live.
Seven months later, his unit is trashed and crawling with maggots. When you walk in the door, you're hit with the stench of rotting food and feces. The unit's buzzing with dozens of flies, covered in half-eaten perishables and littered in piles of knee-deep garbage.
'It's a botched program.' - Nitin Mehra, Ottawa landlord
"It's a botched program," says Mehra. "The city's heart was in the right place, but they just did not execute it well at all."
Mehra says the program was supposed to provide tenant support services, which include counselling and weekly visits. None of that happened, says Mehra. He faces thousands of dollars in damages and has evicted the tenant, who is now homeless again.
'I had a lot of assurance given to me'
Three months after he first reached out for answers, Mehra says the city is finally working with him to resolve the situation, but it has been a long road.
Mehra bought the Vanier duplex when he was 24 years old. He calls it the "cutest apartment," where he lived for several years, before buying another home and turning the duplex into rental units.
Last spring, he bought all new appliances and posted a Kijiji ad offering the one-bedroom apartment for rent. Within a couple of weeks, Mehra says, a Salvation Army worker in Ottawa answered his ad asking him to join a "city-endorsed program" that helps get people off the streets.
'I was proud of what I was doing' - Nitin Mehra, Landlord
The Landlord Partnership Program (LPP), a city and Salvation Army initiative, signs up landlords with vacant units for rent. Then, the City of Ottawa's Housing First program connects people living on the streets or in shelters with those landlords, according to the city's website. From there, the tenant is matched with one of 11 outside agencies that assign a case manager to provide support services to the tenant.
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Mehra says the worker promised that a housing casemanager would make weekly home visits, as well as offer cleaning and support services. In turn, the city would pay the rent.
If anything were to go wrong, he says he was told, his costs would be covered.
"I was proud of what I was doing. I had a lot of assurance given to me."
Mehra even agreed to lower the rent.
The program matched Mehra with a chronically homeless man who signed a lease and received the keys in April. Mehra didn't sign any other documents with the organizations involved.
'It's a joke. It's a farce'
It wasn't until July that Mehra suddenly learned something was wrong. An inspector assessing his property for a mortgage renewal reported a dramatic drop in his home's value.
"The appraiser asked if it had been a drug den," says Mehra.
Mehra immediately called his tenant's caseworker, who is with the Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA). He believed the caseworker had been visiting his tenant regularly. The caseworker, says Mehra, told him he had never been inside the unit or even met with the tenant.
"The caseworker's response ... was that, 'I have a big workload. What can I do?'" says Mehra.
Mehra says the caseworker dropped off a bucket and mop for the tenant. Today, it's still sitting on the porch untouched.
"It's a joke," says Mehra. "It's a farce. A mop and a bucket for what's in that unit."
'The smell hits you'
When Mehra finally got permission to enter the unit, he was in disbelief.
"There was feces outside," said Mehra. "The smell hits you almost immediately. The flies are just abundant."
When he took CBC News on a tour of the unit, the crew had to wear masks because of the smell.
In the bedroom, maggots are crawling on the ceiling. In the kitchen, there's a waist-deep pile of decomposing food, newspapers and old luggage. The fridge and microwave are also infested with maggots.
'It's heartbreaking. This keeps me up at night'
The stove, which was new when the tenant moved in, is now black with burnt fat and oil.
Mehra calls it a fire hazard and worries about his other tenants — a young couple, living in the lower unit.
"It's heartbreaking," says Mehra. "This keeps me up at night. I genuinely lose sleep that I own this property."
'The city did not keep up their end of the bargain at all.' - Nitin Mehra, landlord
A contractor quoted Mehra more than $3,500 to clean up the unit. Repairs could cost even more. There are concerns about mould growing on the walls. Mehra says he will also have to buy new appliances.
"It's disgusting in every possible way. It's physically disgusting. It's emotionally disgusting."
Citing health and safety issues, Mehra asked the homeless man to leave the unit and he changed the locks.
"Awful, shameful, embarrassed," says Mehra. "I kept up with my end of the bargain. I gave a safe, clean place to live. The city did not keep their end of the bargain at all. Now somebody's on the street and I'm embarrassed."
Who is in charge?
Mehra is seeking answers for what went wrong and who is responsible. It has proved to be a complicated process.
The Salvation Army, the group that first called Mehra, had promised his tenant and unit would be visited regularly by a caseworker. He was also told a cleaning service would be provided. But when CBC News contacted the Salvation Army, it said it's only responsible for finding participants for the LPP. What happens after that is up to other city partners, says Glenn van Gulik, a public relations director for the Salvation Army's eastern region.
Van Gulik declined to answer CBC's questions about the promises one of its workers allegedly made to Mehra about the LPP.
"To be clear, the Salvation Army is not entering into an agreement with anyone," says van Gulik. "The caseworker becomes the person responsible to make sure the supports are provided."
The Canadian Mental Health Association provided the caseworker for Mehra's tenant.
The executive director of the CMHA's Ottawa branch, Tim Simboli, says he cannot comment specifically about the case due to privacy concerns, but did talk about the Housing First program.
'We're not reporting back to the landlord'
Simboli says caseworkers try to meet with Housing First tenants weekly — if they are co-operating — but there's no guarantee it will be at home.
"A mandatory visit to the home to check out the shape of the home, that would never be one of our responsibilities," says Simboli.
"We're not reporting back to the landlord, saying this is good, or bad or indifferent. We can't do that. We're a health-care provider. Our privacy rules are very strict and dictated by the province."
That conflicts with a Salvation Army brochure about the program that states: "The Housing Case Managers conduct a minimum of one home visit per week," it reads.
Tenant to blame, says CMHA
When asked who is accountable when a landlord's home is trashed by a Housing First tenant, Simboli says the tenant should be held responsible.
'Just because you're anxious or depressed or schizophrenic ... doesn't mean you shouldn't be held responsible' - Tim Simboli, Executive Director, Canadian Mental Health Association Ottawa Branch
"Just because you're anxious, or depressed or schizophrenic ... doesn't mean you shouldn't be held responsible if you make an adult decision to do something wrong or are neglectful," says Simboli. "It's not that kind of program."
Mehra says it's unfair to put the onus on an unstable tenant.
"It's as if you took a small child and let them run free. This was putting an individual who needs help in a space and not offering them any help ... locking the door and hoping for the best. That's all this was."
Simboli calls the Housing First program a success overall.
"I think this is the best program we've got to offer," said Simboli. "Is it perfect? Absolutely not."
He says there are a "huge number" of homeless people in need of housing and not enough capacity.
"We have half the casemanagers in this region that we should have," he says. "We have 10,000 people waiting for homes. We need to get serious about dealing with people with mental illness and people who are homeless and we need to start backing it up."
City of Ottawa short on answers
The Housing First program is co-ordinated by the City of Ottawa, yet no one from the city would explain to CBC News what went wrong in Mehra's case.
After repeated calls by the CBC, the city launched an investigation.
"Since this situation has come to our attention, we have reached out to the landlord to resolve the issue," wrote Shelley VanBuskirk, the city's director of community and social services, in a statement to CBC News. "Landlords are an important part of our Housing First program and integral to its success."
Mehra says a city worker visited his unit this week and told him to submit receipts for the damage.
He's still worried the program is soliciting landlords with false guarantees.
"They've totally misrepresented themselves," said Mehra.
Mehra says he never would have agreed to take part in the Housing First program if he had known the risks.