As the capital of Canada, Ottawa has been a natural and frequent stop for many royal visits.

Residents have lined streets, filled grandstands and crowded onto Parliament Hill to witness and cheer a succession of monarchs and other royals.

In the second installment of our look back at Ottawa's visual history, we recall some of the regal visits that have graced the capital over the past 150 years.

The Royal Tour of 1939

king george and queen elizabeth 1939 visit to ottawa

The 1939 visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth was a monumental event drawing huge crowds in Ottawa, as seen here, and across the country. The month-long tour was historic in that it was the first time a reigning British monarch had visited Canada. It also had the important political purpose of strengthening ties between Great Britain and Canada on the eve of the Second World War. (Library and Archives Canada/PA-063461)

King George and Queen Elizabeth 1939 Ottawa National War Memorial

King George VI and Queen Elizabeth at the unveiling of the National War Memorial in Ottawa on May 21, 1939. The memorial at that time was dedicated solely to those who fought in the First World War, or the Great War as it was then known. A massive crowd estimated at 100,000 people, including thousands of veterans, attended the ceremony. (Library and Archives Canada/C-002179)


Princess Elizabeth 1951

Princess Elizabeth square dancing at Rideau Hall 1951

A 25-year-old Princess Elizabeth square dances with Prince Philip at the Governor General's residence in Ottawa in October 1951. The month-long visit to Canada was the future Queen's first to this country. She had delayed the trip by a week because of her father King George VI's failing health. Less than four months later, Elizabeth would be Queen. (Library and Archives Canada)

Queen Elizabeth 1957

Queen Elizabeth visits Ottawa Lansdowne Park 1957

Queen Elizabeth, flanked by Prince Philip on the right and Ottawa Mayor George Nelms, visits Lansdowne Park on Oct.16,1957. It was the Queen's first visit to Canada since assuming the throne five years earlier. Her four-day stay in the country included opening the 23rd Parliament, the first time Parliament had been opened by a British monarch. (Library and Archives Canada/Rosemary Gilliat Eaton)


Princess Juliana 1940-45

princess juliana netherlands holding dutch princess margriet queen wilhelmina

Princess Juliana of the Netherlands holds an infant Princess Margriet at Stornoway (later to become the official residence of the Leader of the Opposition) in Rockcliffe, their home during the Second World War. Juliana and her three girls found refuge in Ottawa after the Nazi invasion of the Netherlands. The Canadian government declared Juliana's maternity room at the Ottawa Civic Hospital international territory to ensure Margriet would bear only Dutch citizenship. After the war, an appreciative Royal family sent Ottawa 100,000 tulips, spawning the long-standing tulip festival the capital continues to enjoy every spring. (Library and Archives Canada/Yousuf Karsh/PA-192854)

The future King and Queen 1901

Duke and duchess of cornwall  and york visit ottawa parliament hill 1901

The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York visit Parliament Hill Sept. 20, 1901 accompanied by Prime Minister Wilfred Laurier. The soon-to-be King George V and Queen Mary travelled the country from coast-to-coast by rail as part of a months-long tour of the Empire. The Duchess is seen in the centre of the front row with Laurier on the left. The Duke is behind her on the right. (Library and Archives Canada/PA-011809)

Centennial Celebrations 1967

Queen Elizabeth cuts Centennial birthday cake on Parliament Hill July 1, 1967

Queen Elizabeth cuts the first slice of a 10-metre-tall cake worthy of a country's 100th birthday on July 1, 1967 during Centennial celebrations on Parliament Hill. The Queen was the star of the show on what was then called Dominion Day. The Queen has made 22 official visits to Canada half of which included time in Ottawa. (Library and Archives Canada/C-024559)

Edward, Prince of Wales 1919

Edward prince of wales laying cornerstone of peace tower ottawa 1919

Edward, Prince of Wales, lays the cornerstone of the Peace Tower Sept. 1, 1919 during a visit to Ottawa. The future King Edward VIII would eventual shock the world by abdicating in 1936, after less than a year on the throne, in order to marry twice-divorced American, Wallis Simpson. (Library and Archives Canada/PA-057515)