Video

Ramadan a trying test during summer months

Muslims across the globe are entering the second week of fasting during the holy month of Ramadan.

Muslims across the globe are entering their second week of a month-long fast

Muslims across the globe enter their second week of their month-long fast. 2:19

Muslims across the globe are entering the second week of fasting during the holy month of Ramadan.

Here are some facts about the holy month:

  • Fasting during Ramadan is mandatory for all Muslims.
  • It occurs in the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and lasts 29 to 30 days. 
  • The Islamic calendar is lunar, so every so often Ramadan happens during the summer. That means longer, hot days and longer fasts — something that can be very trying.
  • During the holy month, Muslims must not eat or drink while the sun is up.
  • There are some exceptions. For instance, young children, people who are ill, travelling, or women who are pregnant, breastfeeding or on their period can break their fast.
  • The fast also extends to smoking, having sex and sometimes other behaviours that could be interpreted as negative like swearing and procrastination.
  • Food and drink is served before sunrise and after the sun goes down.
  • The fast also acts as a reminder of the suffering of others. Muslim communities often work together during Ramadan to raise money for the less fortunate.
  • The end of Ramadan, Eid ul-Fitr is celebrated with prayers, a feast and a celebration.