As any archaeologist will tell you, you can't ignore the past.
Unfortunately for human history buffs in Atlantic Canada, a decision by the previous federal government to scrap a "state-of-the-art" archaeology lab in Nova Scotia just won't go away, despite hopes that a change in government would bury it for good.
In 2012, Parks Canada announced it would merge six archaeology labs from across the country into one, and consolidate their collections in a new facility in Gatineau, Que. just outside of Ottawa.
At the time, Mi'kmaq and Acadian groups — as well as numerous academics and researchers from Atlantic Canada — expressed their concerns with the decision, especially given that the custom-built lab in Dartmouth, N.S., had just opened three years earlier.
They were under the impression the plan "was finally dead" when Trudeau's Liberal government was voted in, said Jonathan Fowler, archaeologist at Saint Mary's University, "but it's back. Or maybe it had never left."
Audrey Champagne, a media relations officer with Parks Canada, said in an email the relocation plan is the best way to ensure the "maintenance and security" of its artifact collection.
Many of the storage facilities currently in use across the country are aging, she said, and require "significant investments" to bring them up to standard.
Champagne estimates approximately 60 per cent of the collection "is currently under threat" due to environmental conditions at the facilities as well as security concerns.
She said the move, which is scheduled to begin in 2018 and be completed by 2020, will cost approximately $45 million. No jobs will be eliminated, Champagne said.
Fowler, past president of the Nova Scotia Archaeology Society, said he doesn't think many members of parliament from this region are aware of the relocation plans.
He added he's keen to let them know how "damaging" this move will be when it comes to the capacity of local people to "tell our stories here."
Bill Casey, the Liberal MP for Cumberland-Colchester said he met with Minister of Environment Catherine McKenna approximately one week ago to voice his concerns.
But "it may be too late" to save the Nova Scotia lab, he said.
Access to Mi'kmaq artifacts
It's a "backward thing to do in today's Canada," Fowler said, at a time when many of us are "trying to come to grips with the consequences of our colonial history."
To remove Indigenous and Acadian artifacts from the region — and remove "reasonable access" to those artifacts — is "ethically problematic," he said.
Chief Wilbert Marshall with the Potlotek First Nation said in an email that he is in "formal" consultations with Parks Canada about the relocation plans, in his capacity as head of the culture, heritage and archaeology portfolio for the Assembly of Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq Chiefs.
The collections "are significant, non-renewable and sacred parts of our cultural property," he said, and they "should not be moved from our traditional territory."
'Problematic' loans system
Marshall emphasized that his goal in the negotiations is to find a way to continue to care for Indigenous archaeological materials and records right here in Atlantic Canada.
Champagne said Parks Canada is committed to finding "innovative" ways to accommodate Indigenous groups, including a loans system or transfer of title in some cases.
Fowler said Parks Canada's promise of a loan system is "problematic" because of the inefficiency of the process, the staff required to coordinate the program, and the possibility of damage to the artifacts through shipping.
The Parks Canada archaeology facility in Dartmouth was "purpose-built" in 2009 to house Atlantic Canada's archaeological and historical objects collections, Fowler said, alongside a "really beautiful" conservation laboratory.
The "state-of-the-art" facility may be "the best of its kind" in the country, Fowler said, and it's "among the better archaeological labs internationally."
Champagne says Parks Canada is preparing to terminate its lease at the facility in 2020, once the artifacts have been moved.