A new company in Yarmouth, N.S., has designed a recyclable lobster trap made from plastic that it says has a longer life than traditional wire devices and stacks easily.

Scott Dauphinee, managing director of The Lobster Trap Company, said they've been working on designing and testing the traps over the last year and a half.

LasTrap is the "Mercedes of lobster traps," he said.

Lobster traps 3

The new lobster traps are made out of plastic, easily stackable and recyclable. (The Lobster Trap Company)

"Lobster fishing gear has not really changed ... the actual material used, in almost half a century," Dauphinee said.

"This is a new innovation, it's a new way of doing things, but still using some of the traditional methods."

Longer life span, lower centre of gravity

Dauphinee said his traps have a lower centre of gravity to keep them on the ocean floor, weigh anywhere from 45 to 70 pounds and are expected to last at least 10 years, but potentially longer if taken care of properly.

He also said they're sturdy and jumped on one of the traps to prove his point.

What the traps are made out of is a trade secret, Dauphinee said.

"The virgin material that goes into the original production is very important to us, so we want that trap back," Dauphinee said, adding that in some cases they'll be able to repair traps instead of having to fully replace them.

Current traps expensive, fisherman says

Thomas Amirault, vice-president of the Coldwater Lobster Association in Yarmouth, has been fishing lobster for 30 years.

He said traps are expensive and cost roughly $150 to $200 apiece for current traps on the market. He said fishermen need anywhere from 50 to 100 traps per season.

"[The new traps] look like they could be feasible. The main thing is going to be: do they catch lobsters, number one, and the second is going to be cost," Amirault said.

Shag Harbour lobster traps

Lobster traps currently in use are made out of plastic-coated wire and cost between $150 to $200 per trap. (Richard Cuthbertson/CBC)

He also said fishermen are superstitious, even with details like the colours of the trap and the nets inside.

‚Äč"I think the minute somebody catches a lobster with one [of the new traps] and proves that it works, and if it even appears to be easier to work with or more efficient, has a longer life in it, then yeah, people will be receptive to it," Amirault said.

"But until then I think people are going to kind of poke at it with a stick."

Price still being determined

Dauphinee said the price is yet to be determined.

As for whether the new traps work, Dauphinee said testing is being done with the Department of Fisheries.

Lobster traps 4

The traps have three compartments: lobsters enter into the kitchen area, move into the parlour or middle section of the trap and finally make their way into the back end or the jail. (Emma Davie/CBC)

"What we did is set up a comparison with a traditional trap and one of our lobster traps. We kept the variables all the same: we used the same bait, the same quantity of bait, the same water depth," he said.

While he said he couldn't disclose the exact results, "We were very pleased and surprised by what we found."

Recycling incentive program

Amirault said he also has concerns about the traps being made of plastic, which Dauphinee said is something they've already heard feedback about.

"What people don't realize is what's happening to the traps that are already in circulation, and I'd rather not comment on that.

"But the fact that we're making a trap that is recyclable, and offering an incentive package for the fishermen to bring that back to us and offer [a] rebate to them for a new product is very important to us," he said.

The company is currently in negotiations with Dalhousie University to do more specialized testing of the traps. After that, they could be on the market by mid-to-late 2018.