In a corner of the Nova Scotia legislature, Grade 6 students Bridget Daly and Hannah Harley ponder how to program small, yellow-and-black robots shaped like bumble bees.
The 11-year-olds from Rockingham Elementary School in Halifax are setting direction and speed for a race between two "beebots" at Province House — an example of what's coming to all elementary schools this fall as the government expands computer coding in the curriculum.
The girls said learning computer code is a welcome challenge, and hands-on technology like the beebots will be a help in solving math and science problems.
"Instead of having to visualize it and thinking about it, you can use it without having any problems," said Hannah.
$1M for coding
Education Minister Karen Casey used Thursday's demonstration to promote $1 million in funding included in the spring budget for computer coding.
The money will give students from kindergarten to Grade 6 access to technical devices such as iPads, tech invention kits, and wireless probes and software.
"Some of the skills that they will be getting through the use of technology are things like teamwork, critical thinking, problem solving and creativity," said Casey.
She said coding will be applied across a range of subjects to help students prepare for post-secondary opportunities and an increasingly technical workforce.
The funding will also be used to train teachers through a professional development program running this month and next, and also at an IT summer camp.
Casey said Nova Scotia is a national leader in incorporating coding in its curriculum, having introduced basic coding for students from kindergarten to Grade 3 last September.
"What we've been told is unique is that we have taken our (education) action plan and directly connected it to our strategy for coding and then went on...to have the resources there and the professional development for teachers," she said.
Coding basics for everyone
She said the Education Department's goal is to have computer coding fully integrated through every Grade 6 classroom within three years, and through junior and senior high schools within five years.
In January, British Columbia responded to a call from its growing tech sector and announced plans for coding in schools there.
Premier Christy Clark said beginning in September schools would receive a new curriculum with a coding program to be phased in over three years. The goal is to incorporate coding basics for students from kindergarten to Grade 12 within the next decade.
Coding is also on the agenda for New Brunswick's education system, and has been a mandatory part of the school curriculum in the United Kingdom since 2014.
Schools in New York City and Chicago will also be required to offer computer science to all students.
'Capitalize on the opportunities'
Nova Scotia Premier Stephen McNeil said it's important to prepare students for job opportunities in a world economy being shaped by technology.
"It's our view that those countries that have invested in their students in terms of coding will be the economies that will capitalize on the opportunities," said McNeil.