A second partnership involving Newfoundland and Labrador Indigenous groups is vying for a share of the arctic surf clam quota.
Labrador's NunatuKavut, the Innu of Quebec and the Mi'qmaq of New Brunswick have partnered with Ocean Choice International in a pan-Atlantic bid for the lucrative fishery.
"The Indigenous communities will see significant benefits from this partnership including employment, capacity building and revenue," Andy Turnbull, CEO of Nunacor, the economic development company for the NunatuKavut Community Council in Labrador, said in a release.
Their proposal to fish, process and market arctic surf clam was submitted last week, but partners say they they are open to partnering with more Indigenous groups from P.E.I. and Nova Scotia.
Quota broken up
In September, federal fisheries minister Dominic LeBlanc announced Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) will give 25 per cent of the current quota to a new licence holder. This change may force the seafood company Clearwater, which has a processing plant in Grand Bank, to lose its monopoly.
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The new entrant must be mostly Canadian-owned and an Indigenous entity based in Atlantic Canada or Quebec.
The Indigenous stakeholders in this latest alliance are NDC Fisheries, owned by the NunatuKavut Community Council; the Innu Band of Nutashkuan in Quebec; and the North Shore Micmac District Council in New Brunswick.
The Miawpukek First Nation, the Innu Nation and the Qalipu First Nation also got together to submit a proposal for the quota.
Ministers to meet
Meanwhile, Newfoundland and Labrador's fisheries minister met with his federal counterpart in New Brunswick Thursday.
Minister of Fisheries and Land Resources Gerry Byrne says they discussed, among other issues, the Atlantic surf clam quota.
Byrne is worried plant workers in Grand Bank could see less work if the surf clams are processed elsewhere. He said the federal government "must provide compensation, including retirement options" for fish harvesters and plant workers who lose work.
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"It is not only licensed fishermen who will be displaced from the fishery as a result of the Marshall decision, but crew members … and, if First Nations communities choose to develop their own processing facilities, plant workers as well," said Byrne, quoting a standing committee on fisheries and oceans report, tabled in 2000.
Byrne said DFO has deliberately and specifically tried to encourage Indigenous participation in the commercial fishery for more than 25 years.
"We've got a road map here, and the road map says that it is in all of our best interest to create reconciliation with Indigenous inclusion and commercial fisheries by Indigenous participants, [it] is helpful and warranted and there is a process to do it by buying existing quota from willing participants who want to sell it and transfer it to Indigenous persons," he said.
"That has been the policy that has been in place for now 25 years. The surf clam decision is a dramatic change in that road map, in that framework."
Clearwater, meanwhile, has announced a partnership with 13 Mi'kmaq bands in Nova Scotia to try to capture the new licence.