The Association of University of New Brunswick Teachers is calling a strike vote.
The group says its collective bargaining council voted unanimously late Monday afternoon to authorize the executive to call the vote.
President Miriam Jones emphasized in a message on the group's website that the strike vote doesn't necessarily mean professors will go on strike.
"Calling a strike vote is not the same as going on strike," Jones stated.
"A solid strike vote becomes essential at a certain stage in bargaining, and is often the best means of avoiding a strike," she said.
Negotiations between the AUNBT and the university have been ongoing since March.
Post-Secondary Education Minister Jody Carr said last week he would not appoint a conciliation board.
Polling for the strike vote is planned for Dec. 3 and Dec. 4.
The AUNBT represents more than 1,000 members at the Saint John and Fredericton UNB campuses.