Ottawa and Quebec have finally signed a tax-harmonization deal that will give the province more than $2 billion.
Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Premier Jean Charest made the announcement at a joint news conference in Quebec City Friday.
The province had been seeking $2.2 billion in compensation for agreeing to combine the GST with its provincial sales tax nearly 20 years ago.
The Tories promised during the federal election campaign last spring to settle the matter by mid-September.
But the deadline was later extended until the end of the month to work out technical details.
One potential sticking point was whether Quebec could be compensated for harmonizing its provincial sales tax with the federal GST, while still collecting the tax itself.
The failure to reach a deal was a political lightning rod for Quebec sovereigntists over the years, with the Parti Quebecois and the Bloc Quebecois constantly berating their federalist foes.
Ontario and British Columbia received federal transfer payments for implementing the HST.
British Columbia has to return the $1.6 billion in transition funding after voters killed the province's HST in an August referendum.
Ontario received $4.3 billion from Ottawa after moving to the HST in 2010.