A combination of wing icing and overloaded aircraft led to a fatal 2012 Manitoba plane crash.
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The Transportation Safety Board (TSB) released its report Thursday about the investigation into the crash that killed 40-year-old pilot Mark Gogal and injured seven passengers.
The Cessna 208 went down in a densely wooded area shortly after takeoff from the Snow Lake airport on Nov. 18, 2012.
The TSB report found the pilot didn't clear ice from critical surfaces on the plane, which was nearly 275 kilograms overweight.
"During the pre-flight inspection, the pilot tapped the leading edges of the wings with a broom handle in an attempt to remove the ice, but did not do this on the horizontal stabilizer of the aircraft," the safety report stated.
"Ice remained on the leading edges of the wings and tail before the flight. As a result, shortly after departure, the aircraft stalled at an altitude from which recovery was not possible."
Investigators also found passengers were not given a safety briefing before takeoff, so they were not properly seated or wearing seatbelts at the time of the crash.
The plane was operated by Gogal Air Service, which was owned by the pilot's father, and was on its way from Snow Lake to Winnipeg.
The passengers were employees of Dumas Holdings, a mining company that has been operating in the area.
Snow Lake is located about 700 kilometres northwest of Winnipeg.