Hamilton Health Sciences is reminding the public that it's everyone's responsibility to help curb the spread of flu.

On Thursday, HHS published some tips to help keep the city healthy as well as some other general information about the flu.

General flu information

What to do when you have the flu from Hamilton Health Sciences on Vimeo.

Prevention

1. Get a flu shot

An excellent way to avoid getting the flu. Click here for information about where flu shots are available near you. It's not too late to get vaccinated.

Dr. Ian Preyra, Chief of Emergency Medicine at St. Joseph's Healthcare, told CBC News that this year's flu shot "seems to be effective in preventing the flu" so far.

Especially good candidates for flu shots this year are seniors, because the current strain of the virus has hit them harder than in previous years, Preyra said.

flu shot

The flu shot is an excellent way to protect yourself and others from getting the flu. (Public Domain Pictures)

2. Cover your mouth (the right way)

This video features Dr. Dominik Mertz explaining the best ways to cover your mouth and avoid spreading your germs around. If you can't watch the video, the advice goes like this: coughing into a tissue you throw out afterward is the best option. If you don't have a tissue handy, the crook of your elbow is a better option than your bare hands.

How to properly cover your cough from Hamilton Health Sciences on Vimeo.

3. Don't expose others

HHS recommends people who are feeling unwell postpone visits to loved to ones in the hospital. People visiting the hospital are more likely to have compromised immune systems.

Remedy

1. Rest and fluids

Staying hydrated and getting plenty of rest is a critically important combination. It's the most effective way to recover, and also the best way to avoid infecting others.

2. Don't bother with antibiotics

The flu is a virus. Antibiotics fight bacteria, so they don't do anything against the flu. But taking antibiotics can have negative side-effects on your body, so there's no reason to take them when you have the flu.

3. Stay home

"Most people with the flu don't need medical care," says HHS. "But if you or a loved one have difficulty breathing or cannot drink enough to stay hydrated, seek medical attention."