There are 188,365 First Nations, Métis, and Inuit living in Alberta, and 61% of them are off-reserve urban dwellers.

There are 45 First Nations in Alberta in three treaty areas — Treaty 6, 7 and 8 — with 133 reserves on approximately 730,680 hectares of property. They are shown in the map below with red markers.

The fastest-growing aboriginal population in Alberta are the Métis, increasing by 73 per cent from 1996 to 2006. Alberta is home to Canada's largest Métis population (389,785 people or 22%), according to Statistics Canada. Métis settlements are shown with blue markers.

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