A number of international aid agencies published reports ahead of the one-year anniversary of the 7.0-magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti on Jan. 12, 2010, providing updates on how their donations were spent.
Here's a look at several major aid agencies and what percentage of donations they've spent, how much they received, what they used donations for and their plans for the country.
Canadian Red Cross
Percentage of donations spent: 44.7
Amount donated: $199 million
Amount spent: $89 million, as of Nov. 30
A few aid facts
- Over 1 million relief items distributed.
- About 2.5 million litres of water produced and distributed each day.
- Over 2,900 earthquake/hurricane-resistant shelters, giving shelter to 14,500 people, built as of Dec. 15.
- More than 137,000 families in 100 camps received Red Cross emergency shelter supplies.
The Red Cross expects the recovery process in Haiti to take 10 years. The agency estimates about 25 per cent of donations, about $41.7 million, were spent on the emergency response phase. It expects the majority of funds — about 70 per cent — will be spent on recovery, such as shelter and development. The agency also allotted money for developing the Haitian Red Cross and future disaster response. Administrative support is estimated to cost $7.2 million, or three per cent of donations.
In a message to donors, Canadian Red Cross secretary general and CEO Conrad Sauvé wrote in a report:
"Your donations helped mobilize the largest Red Cross response ever to one country, allowing us to provide humanitarian assistance to millions of people: clean drinking water, emergency medical care, shelter and critical items for day-to-day survival."
Percentage of donations spent: 55.2
Amount raised: $194 million US
Amount spent: $107 million US (includes expenditures until Nov. 30, plus estimates until Jan. 12)
A few aid facts
- Provided 189.6 million litres of chlorinated drinking water to 132,153 people in Port-au-Prince.
- Installed more than 720 latrines and 580 showers in camps.
- Distributed food to over 229,000 households in first three months.
- Handed out 113,409 tarpaulins and 7,497 tents.
Responding to such a strong earthquake in even a well-resourced country would've been a challenge, the annual report notes. But Haiti — the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere — suffered from pre-existing problems that made it even harder: a lack of infrastructure, few skilled workers, a weak government, a history of political violence and little land for housing.
The report describes a wide swath of World Vision initiatives from tackling the basics such as food, water and sanitation to specialized programs, like creating baby-friendly spaces in makeshift camps to help tackle malnutrition and drama troupes spreading awareness about mental health issues.
As for its role in the future, World Vision says the relief phase is far from over, even though some recovery work has begun. The agency, which has been in Haiti for the past three decades, is committed to a five-year earthquake response. With the cholera outbreak compounding problems, the agency also wants to finish building shelters in the Corail settlement camp, outside the capital, and the island of La Gonave, before the June rainy season strikes.
Read the report here.
Money raised globally
Percentage of donations spent: 69
Amount raised: $98 million US
Amount spent: $68 million US, as of Dec. 31
Money raised by Oxfam Canada
Percentage of donations allocated: 67
Amount raised: $4.6 million
Amount allocated to projects: $3.08 million
A few aid facts
- Provided drinking water and sanitation facilities to 400,000 displaced people in Port-au-Prince and neighbouring areas.
- Built 2,500 latrines and 1,032 bathing shelters.
- Recapitalizing 210 local grocery stores that collapsed in quake and 1,441 tradesmen, like plumbers and masons.
"The Haiti earthquake will go down in history as one of the most devastating natural disasters of our time," writes Jeremy Hobbs, executive director of Oxfam International, in the earthquake anniversary report. The document describes how Oxfam quickly began distributing plastic sheets and tools in the first weeks after the quake. By the end of March, it had helped 180,000 people in the congested capital. Now the figure stands at 500,000 for earthquake relief alone.
Oxfam, which began working in Haiti in 1978, plans to use its remaining $30 million in earthquake-designated donations over the next two years. The agency says international organizations and government donors need to work more closely with Haitian authorities for rebuilding to be truly successful. The agency issued a scathing report on poor co-ordination between aid agencies and the government.
Percentage of donations spent: 52
Amount raised worldwide: $45 million US
Amount spent: $23.2 million US, as of October
A few aid facts
- 475 of CARE Haiti's 504-person team are Haitians.
- Built nearly 1,000 transitional shelters and distributed 17,000 shelter reinforcement kits.
- Delivered 14,902 tarps, 20,641 mattresses, 44,826 blankets and 35,419 hygiene kits.
CARE says the greatest setback for earthquake relief has been the deadly outbreak of cholera that quickly spread across the country. The agency describes the earthquake as the "largest and most devastating" disaster it has responded to since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
"In many ways, the relief and rebuilding phases are even harder in Haiti. Few disasters in history have crippled an urban centre — the capital no less — like the earthquake in Haiti," CARE says in documents released ahead of the one-year anniversary.
The agency, which has been in Haiti since 1954, says it sought to use the $45 million in donations raised worldwide wisely, instead of quickly. CARE has a five-year, $100-million plan to help with earthquake relief, with a special emphasis on women and girls.