On the eve of a G20 summit in Australia expected to focus in part on the crisis in Syria and Iraq, Stephen Harper says Canada does not support war on the Syrian government or any Middle East nation — only war against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).

"The government of Canada is prepared to engage in actions against ISIL in Syria but only as long as those are not interpreted as war against the government of Syria," the prime minister told a news conference Friday at the end of his first official visit to New Zealand, referring to the ISIS militant group by one of its alternate names.

"Whatever objections the government of Canada has against the government of Syria, we are not interested in any war against any government in the region — our only military fight is with ISIL."

Syria in need of political compromise: Harper

Harper spoke a few hours after a military official revealed that Canadian warplanes have destroyed only two ISIS targets in nearly two weeks of air operations.


Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper exchanges a Hongi, a traditional Maori greeting, with a traditionally dressed Maori warrior during a welcoming ceremony at Government House in Auckland on Friday. (Shane Wenzlick/Reuters)

The mission commander said success can't be measured in the number of bombs dropped, because the air campaign is putting the Islamic State group on the defensive.

U.S. President Barack Obama, meantime, has reportedly developed a new strategy to defeat the al-Qaeda splinter group — starting with the removal of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The Americans believe Assad is the reason ISIS have been able to gain strength in Syria.

Harper pointed out that his government has long called for the resignation of the Syrian leader.

But he added that the government believes that "the only way we can get a solution in Syria is some kind of political compromise between moderate elements of the opposition as well as the moderate elements of the government."

"We don't think it's possible to bring the diverse elements of Syria together unless you have both sides come together in some way, that a victory of one side over the other is just not a realistic or desirable outcome."

Nonetheless, he added, the fight has to be taken against ISIS and other extremists that threaten Canada and other western countries.

PM praises U.S.-China climate deal 

The prime minister was also asked about the major U.S.-China climate deal announced earlier this week, asking when Canada would match the more ambitious greenhouse gas emission targets contained in that landmark agreement.

He didn't answer the question directly, instead praising the deal and citing Canada's accomplishments on climate.


Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper inspects an honour guard in Auckland. (Shane Wenzlick/Reuters)

"We have been saying that we favour an international agreement that will include the major emitters," he said, pointing out that China and the U.S. are the No. 1 and No. 2 GHG emitters in the world.

Harper said that Canada has the cleanest electrical sector in the world, and added the U.S.-China deal shouldn't have any impact on the fate of the long-delayed Keystone XL pipeline.

The news conference marked the end of Harper's visit to New Zealand and set the stage for his arrival later Friday in Brisbane for the G20 summit, one that Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott has said will have a heavy economic focus.

The prime minister's day in Auckland involved rubbing noses with Maori ceremonial warriors as well as laying a wreath at the Auckland war memorial.

Harper and New Zealand Prime Minister John Key reflected on their close ties during the news conference.

Key laughingly praised the Canadian flag, saying he is running a "successful" campaign to change the New Zealand flag to one that is more recognizably Kiwi.

He has frequently pointed to Canada's switch to its famous Maple Leaf flag in 1965 as evidence that it won't dishonour New Zealand's war dead by having a new ensign.