It's been 30 years since Paralympic athlete Rick Hansen wheeled across four continents to change perceptions about people with disabilities and, while things have improved, he says much more work is still needed to make communities accessible to all.
"Vancouver is a very accessible city relative to the rest of the world but, boy, we still have a lot of gaps," Hansen said.
This year, the 30th anniversary of his Man in Motion Tour, Hansen is pushing for more awareness about improving accessibility.
Across the country, approximately 3.8 million Canadian adults report living with a mobility, vision or hearing disability.
Finding suitable housing and getting around cities — from coffee shops to curbsides — are still two of the most pressing accessibility challenges for many people living with disabilities, advocates say.
Accessible housing a challenge
Jane Dyson, executive director of Disability Alliance B.C., said the few accessible housing units that exist don't always make it into the hands of those who need it most.
"Housing providers said that when they have a wheelchair accessible unit available, they quite often aren't able to find a wheelchair user ready to move in, and so, unfortunately, the wheelchair accessible unit then is provided to a non-wheelchair user," Dyson said.
Not having a suitably equipped house can mean day-to-day necessities like taking a shower become impossible and, for some, the only choice is to move into an extended care facility.
Dyson said more housing is needed, as well as better tracking of resources.
She's created a new initiative, called The Right Fit Pilot Project and partnered with housing providers and government agencies to match wheelchair users who need housing with wheelchair accessible units.
Still no curb-cuts in areas
Mary-Jo Fetterly, who became quadriplegic after a skiing accident more than a decade ago, is now a disabilities consultant with the City of Vancouver.
She said although the city has taken successful steps to make the streets more accessible over the years, there is still a long way to go.
"In a lot of the older neighbourhoods, there still aren't even curb-cuts," she said. "You will go all the way along and then 'oh, I can't get off here. I've got to go all the way back.'"
At least once a day, Fetterly said, she encounters a situation where she isn't able to enter a business or engage with someone because of accessibility issues.
Dylan Passmore, a transportation design engineer for the city, said hands-on testing is needed to better understand barriers. He goes out and tests the city's accessibility with consultants like Fetterly.
"It's really important to get out there and actually be in the field with these people to understand their perspective," said Passmore.
This can mean, for example, checking the sharpness of a curb to make sure that both a wheelchair can get over the edge and a service dog for a blind person won't miss it.
"There are a lot of people who are talking about universal design," said Fetterly. "Really, universal design just means that everybody can use it. It doesn't leave anybody out."
With files from The Early Edition and Claudia Goodine.