- This story has been updated to reflect revised statistics from the BC Coroners Service for 2016.
llicit drug overdoses claimed the lives of 922 people in B.C. in 2016, the BC Coroners Service revealed Wednesday, making it the deadliest overdose year on record and representing an increase of nearly 80 per cent from the year before.
December saw another spike in deaths with 142 recorded, up from the previous monthly high of 128 recorded in November of 2016.
Fentanyl, an opioid 100 times more potent than heroin, has been a "game changer" for drug overdose deaths in B.C., said Chief Coroner Lisa Lapointe.
"This is an illicit drug dependency crisis and it is not likely to be resolved anytime soon," she said.
B.C. Health Minister Terry Lake announced more money for treatment beds and said the federal government needs to step up.
"The federal government should declare a federal public health emergency," said Lake.
"We haven't seen the response that I think this type of epidemic requires on a national scale."
51 overdose deaths in Vancouver last month
Every part of the province is affected, but Vancouver continues to be the epicentre of the crisis, said Lapointe. Fifty-one people died of illicit drug overdoses in Vancouver alone in December.
Four out of five of the overdose deaths were men and more than half were between the ages of 30 and 49.
Unlike previous months, the BC Coroners Service was unable to say how many of the deaths in December involved fentanyl, because with such a high number of cases the analyses are not yet complete and won't be until March.
New treatment beds coming
B.C. Health Minister Terry Lake said the province was allocating more than $16 million in new money to tackle the crisis, including an additional 40 adult intensive residential treatment beds and 20 for youth.
The province is also funding 50 new intensive outpatient treatment spaces, as well as covering the cost of treatment therapies, such as methadone and Suboxone, for people with low incomes.
The B.C. government has been criticized for not doing enough in the face of the fentanyl crisis, leaving people with addictions and their families without treatment options.
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Lake said the province is doing what it can and is discussing the crisis with health officials daily and weekly.
"We're taking unprecedented action, said Lake.
"We want to be able to provide treatment as quickly as possible, but … we don't have the resources to provide treatment on demand for all conditions."
Lake also discussed the need to explore new treatment options for people with addiction, including the possibility of prescription heroin.
He and Lapointe agree the death toll would be higher without the response of front line workers, including paramedics and others.
"The work going on at the front lines has been incredibly important in saving hundreds and hundreds of lives in our province," said Lake.
No end in sight
Last fall, after the number of illicit deaths dipped in August and September, Lake said he was hopeful the public health emergency was ending.
"We thought we turned a corner, we really did. And then with the November numbers, it's a whole different chapter in this crisis."
One hypothesis for the sudden and staggering increase in November and December is the emergence of an even more potent opioid than fentanyl — carfentanil.
However, the coroners service's new equipment to test for carfentanil is not yet operational and won't be until March, said Lapointe.
This month, none of the health officials voiced any hope that the end of the crisis is in sight.
"This is a long-term strategy," said Lapointe.