As the American South began to desegregate, Minnijean Brown-Trickey was one of nine African-American students who signed up to attend Little Rock Central High School — an all-white school.
Those students, later known as the Little Rock Nine, were trapped between a hateful mob and armed guards blocking their way when they arrived.
After she graduated, Brown-Trickey spent many years in Canada, where she taught social work at several universities and advocated for First Nations people.
Brown-Trickey will be sharing her experiences fighting for social justice on both sides of the border with high school students at Burnaby Mountain Secondary School on Saturday.
But first, she stopped by On The Coast for a conversation with guest host Chris Brown.
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Where do you start when you talk to students and tell them about this time and the importance of it?
This is a story that happened almost 60 years ago. And you might say, why does it matter? You get kind of brainwashed. They tell you you live in the best place in the world, and you talk about liberty and justice. And you try and go to school, and you find out people will do anything to stop that, including the governor sending state troops, and people threatening, burning effigies, beating reporters and threatening these kids.
Take us back to that day.
It was September 4, 1957. We were going to school. The governor went on television and said he was putting Arkansas National Guard around the school, but I don't think I understood it was to try and stop us from coming in. When we got there, there was a mob. Some of the people who counted said there was about 1,000 people. I'm 15, had never seen hatred, couldn't believe anyone wouldn't want me in their school. I was smart, talented, beautiful, everything you could possibly want! And yet we were met with this incredible hatred.
And what happened?
I think the most important thing for me was watching all that violence and hatred as they threw away their dignity and it landed on us. There are pictures, and I look at the Little Rock Nine, and we're standing there, totally petrified, but we're looking dignified and calm.
It ended after almost three weeks. Our going again on September 24 ... the mob was even bigger and ready to storm the school. President Eisenhower had persuaded the governor to remove the Arkansas National Guard. So we had to go into the basement, put our heads down, get into cars and speed away from the school on that day. He sent 1,200 federal troops to escort us to school, surround us.
It was horrible! It was terrible. The soldiers protected us to some extent, but I call it the ultimate bully story. [Other students] could think of some pretty mean things to do to us. Name-calling, spitting, throwing acid on our clothes, kicking us down steps, knocking people to unconsciousness.
When you come to a high school and you talk to kids and parents, what do you hope they take away from this?
Unfortunately, some of it's still happening. Race matters. Lots of things matter: class, sexual orientation, gender, colour, culture. What does Little Rock have to do with it? It's the definitive moral play. Do you behave in a non-violent manner in the face of violence? Are you a silent witness? Stand by and watch and do nothing? Are you one of the mob members? Are you one of the kids with persistence of the human spirit? So it's a story that resonates. I have all these images of these young people making very drastic social change.
This interview has been condensed and edited for length and clarity. To hear the full story, click the audio labelled: Former Little Rock Nine student sharing her story with high school students of Burnaby