The U.S. economy grew at a 2.6 per cent annual rate in the October-December quarter, slightly more than previously estimated, as consumer spending rose at the fastest pace in three years.
The fourth-quarter growth rate was a bit stronger than the 2.4 per cent estimate made last month, the Commerce Department reported Thursday. The revision reflected stronger consumer spending, which rose at an annual rate of 3.3 per cent — its best quarterly pace since 2010.
Even with the upward revision, growth in the overall economy slowed from a 4.1 per cent pace in the July-September quarter. Analysts think growth has slowed even more in the current January-March period to around a 2 per cent annual rate. A harsh winter has disrupted factory production and kept people away from shopping malls.
But once warmer weather appears, analysts are looking for a rebound in economic activity with consumer spending expected to be helped by pent-up demand from purchases that were deferred during the bad weather.
Many economists are forecasting that growth for the entire year will hit three per cent. If that forecast proves accurate, it would make growth this year the strongest since 2005, two years before the nation plunged into the worst recession since the 1930s.
1.9% growth for 2013
Since the recession ended in June 2009, the economy has struggled to gain momentum and the weak growth has made it harder for people who lost jobs during the downturn to find work.
The report Thursday on overall economic growth as measured by the gross domestic product was the government's third and final look at the fourth quarter GDP.
For all of 2013, the economy grew at a lacklustre 1.9 per cent after growth of 2.8 per cent in 2012. Growth was held back last year by higher federal taxes and government spending cuts enacted to combat soaring budget deficits. Economists estimate that the squeeze from the government subtracted about 1.5 percentage points from growth.
The upward revision in activity in the fourth quarter came in part from additional spending in such areas as health care. Spending on services increased by the most since the spring of 2005.
Business investments on structures and equipment grew at a 5.7 per cent annual rate, slower than previously estimated but still up from a 4.8 per cent increase in the third quarter.
The drag from cutbacks in government activity continued with government spending falling at a 5.2 per cent rate in the fourth quarter, reflecting reductions in defence and non-defence spending at the federal level. Spending by state and local governments was unchanged, an improvement from a previous estimate which showed state and local spending still falling.
Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen said after a Fed meeting last week that the central bank still expects the economy to strengthen this year, which would help put more people to work.
At that meeting, the Fed decided to reduce its monthly bond purchases by another $10 billion, the third such reduction since December. That puts the bond purchases, which are intended to keep long-term loan rates low to encourage spending and growth, at $55 billion.
Many economists think that as long as the economy keeps improving, the Fed will keep cutting the bond purchases by $10 billion at each meeting this year until ending the program entirely in December.