JPMorgan trader accused in stock manipulation arrested in Spain
Javier Martin-Artajo oversaw trading in London
A former JPMorgan Chase & Co. trader wanted by the United States for allegedly falsifying bank records to cover up $6 billion US in trading losses was arrested in Madrid Tuesday, Spanish police said.
A statement said Spaniard Javier Martin-Artajo, 49, was arrested after he presented himself to police in Madrid, who had located and asked him to turn himself in.
U.S. prosecutors earlier this month filed criminal charges against Martin-Artajo and another ex-JPMorgan trader, Julien Grout.
JP Morgan settles with miffed investor
JPMorgan has been ordered to pay billionaire Leonard Blavatnik $42.5 million US in damages in relation to a soured investment in mortgage-backed securities.
Blavatnik, who ranks 44th on Forbes list of billionaires, had sought to recover more than $100 million due to JPMorgan's "alleged mismanagement" of his funds during the early stage of the housing crisis of 2007.
In a decision made public on Monday after a three-week trial, New York State Supreme Court Justice Melvin Schweitzer ruled that JPMorgan had breached its contract with Blavatnik's CMMF fund because it exceeded a 20 per cent cap for mortgage-backed securities in the fund.
Thousands of people lost money over mortgage-backed securities.
The trading irregularities case comes after U.S. authorities demanded JPMorgan Chase pay more than $6 billion to settle allegations over the sale of mortgage-backed securities to Freddie Mac and Fannie Maecompanies in the run-up to the financial crisis.
The bank is resisting the payment, which would be its single biggest penalty in a catalogue of expensive run-ins over the financial crisis.
In the so-called "London Whale" case, two traders were accused of marking up the market value of an investment portfolio to hide its plummeting value. The portfolio eventually incurred a $6 billion loss for JPMorgan, the biggest U.S. bank by assets. For months following its disclosure, the shortfall was attributed to Bruno Iksil, a trader who became known as the "London Whale."
Martin-Artajo was taken before a National Court judge, who released him without bail after an hour of questioning but prohibited him from leaving Spain without permission and ordered him to appear in court every two weeks.
A court spokesman said Martin-Artajo denied the U.S. charges, saying they were based on a false accusation. He said he will challenge any extradition request.
The United States now has 40 days to formalize the request.
U.S. attempting to extradict French trader
Grout and Martin-Artajo were both based in London when they worked at JPMorgan. Grout is a citizen of France.
Edward Little, a New York-based lawyer for Julien Grout, told the Associated Press that Grout is in France and currently negotiating his possible return to the US with the US attorney's office in Manhattan.
"Julien returned to France several months ago for financial reasons, he's not a fugitive," Little said. "France doesn't extradite its citizens."
Little said that Grout has not yet decided whether he'll return to the US.
U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara said this month they had contacted the two men's lawyers and hoped they would present themselves in the United States.
Prosecutors said that they had agreed not to prosecute Iksil. The deal, however, requires him to cooperate fully with law enforcement.
Oversaw trading strategy
Martin-Artajo oversaw JPMorgan's trading strategy in London, and Grout, his subordinate, was in charge of recording the value of the investments each day. They were charged with conspiracy to falsify books and records, commit wire fraud and falsify Securities and Exchange Commission filings. They also were charged separately in an SEC civil complaint.
The charges focus on an investment portfolio whose components were supposed to be marked at their market value each day as best as the bankers could approximate. The charges say that from March to May 2012, under Martin-Artajo's direction, Grout began using prices for the portfolio "deliberately chosen to minimize losses rather than represent fair value," the SEC said.
Iksil, unhappy with Martin-Artajo's orders, asked Grout to keep a spreadsheet to track the difference between the manipulated prices and the actual prices, according to U.S. Justice Department's charges.
The "London Whale" accusations have been a heavy burden for JPMorgan, tarnishing its reputation as a risk manager and the favorite of Washington lawmakers. The bank, which is used to coming out ahead of its peers, has been forced to restate its earnings and face bruising hearings in front of Congress.
Nonetheless, even with the trading loss, JPMorgan last year recorded in its biggest annual profit and its stock is up by a third from its pre-"London Whale" price.