Cambodia agreed Wednesday to raise the minimum wage in its important clothing industry to $128 US a month, a 28 per cent increase, but short of the $140 that labour unions had said was the minimun they would accept..
The Labour Advisory Committee, representing employers, workers and the government, originally agreed on a $123 minimum wage. A Labour Ministry statement said it was increased to $128 for full-time workers and $123 for workers on probation on instruction from long-serving Prime Minister Hun Se.
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The poverty wage in Cambodia is about $120 a month and garment workers had been earning $100 this year.
The new wage level takes effect at the beginning of next year.
Two years ago, a militant union campaign to double the then-minimum wage of $80 in the textile, garment and footwear sector resulted in clashes with police and a consequent crackdown on public protests. A $100 level was set for 2014, and the unions scaled back their demand for the negotiations over the 2015 level. Employers had proposed the minimum wage be set at $110 for next year.
The clothing industry is Cambodia's biggest export earner, employing about 500,000 people in more than 500 garment and shoe factories. In 2013, the Southeast Asian country shipped more than $5 billion worth of products to the United States and Europe.
The Coalition of Cambodian Apparel Workers' Democratic Union has not yet accepted the 2015 wage level, said union president Ath Thorn, who took part in the negotiations.
That could set the stage for more protests.
The Labour Ministry's statement said that when other benefits were calculated, the workers would be making an average of $147 to $156 monthly next year.
Labour Minister Ith Samheng said he believed that the wage hike would result in better living conditions for the workers.
Labour militancy is a concern for the government, especially because major unions are generally allied with the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party, whose political strength has been growing in recent years.
The International Labour Organization on Wednesday called on international garments brands to stick with Cambodian suppliers