Not a single Canadian author has made the list for Britain's prestigious 2014 Man Booker literary prize, but American authors are out in force.
U.S. writers hold four of the 13 slots on the long list announced on Wednesday, the first year the award has been open to all authors writing in English and published in the United Kingdom.
The change that scrapped the old rule limiting the 46-year-old prize, which carries a $85,200 US award, to novels written by citizens of Britain, Ireland and the Commonwealth, has been criticized on grounds that Americans would come to dominate it, squeezing out other talent.
But in announcing the long list, Jonathan Taylor, chairman of the Booker Prize Foundation, said that by making the change, "the Man Booker Prize is reinforcing its standing as the most important literary award in the English-speaking world".
The prize committee said 154 books had been entered for this year's prize, which will be further whittled down to a short list of six books to be announced on Sept. 9. The winner will be named on Oct. 14.
The books on the long list are:
Joshua Ferris (American) To Rise Again at a Decent Hour
Richard Flanagan (Australian) The Narrow Road to the Deep North
Karen Joy Fowler (American) We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves
Siri Hustvedt (American) The Blazing World
Howard Jacobson (British) J
Paul Kingsnorth (British) The Wake
David Mitchell (British) The Bone Clocks
Neel Mukherjee (British) The Lives of Others
David Nicholls (British) Us
Joseph O'Neill (Irish/American) The Dog
Richard Powers (American) Orfeo
Ali Smith (British) How to be Both
Niall Williams (Irish) History of the Rain