Cliff Robertson, the handsome movie actor who played John F. Kennedy in PT-109, won an Oscar for Charly and was famously victimized in a 1977 Hollywood forgery scandal, died Saturday. He was 88.
His secretary of 53 years, Evelyn Christel, said he died in Stony Brook of natural causes a day after his 88th birthday.
Robertson never rose into the top ranks of leading men, but he remained a popular actor from the mid-1950s into the following century. His later roles included kindly Uncle Ben in the Spider-Man movies.
He also gained attention for his second marriage to actress and heiress Dina Merrill, daughter of financier E.F. Hutton and Marjorie Merriweather Post, heiress to the Post cereal fortune and one of the world's richest women.
"My father was a loving father, devoted friend, dedicated professional and honorable man," daughter Stephanie Saunders said in a statement. "He stood by his family, friends and colleagues through good times and bad. He made a difference in all our lives and made our world a better place. We will all miss him terribly."
Robertson had created a string of impressive performances in television and on Broadway, but always saw his role played in films by bigger names. His TV performances in Days of Wine and Roses and The Hustler, for example, were filmed with Jack Lemmon and Paul Newman, respectively. Robertson's role in Tennessee Williams's play Orpheus Descending was awarded to Marlon Brando in the movie.
Robertson first appeared in the Charly story in a TV version, The Two Worlds of Charlie Gordon. Both were based on Flowers for Algernon, a short story that author Daniel Keyes later revised into a novel. Robertson was determined that this time the big-screen role would not go to another actor.
"I bought the movie rights to the show, and I tried for eight years to persuade a studio to make it," he said in 1968. "Finally I found a new company, ABC Films. I owned 50 per cent of the gross, but I gave half of it to Ralph Nelson to direct."
Critic Roger Ebert called Robertson's portrayal "a sensitive, believable one." The motion picture academy agreed, though Robertson was unable to get a break from an overseas movie shoot and was not on hand when his Oscar was announced.
Another memorable movie role, portraying future President Kennedy in the Second World War drama PT-109, presented other challenges.
'I think I held the record for the number of times I was on suspension.' — Cliff Robertson on his battles with Hollywood studios
Released in 1963, it was the first movie to be made about a sitting president, and dozens of actors were considered. Kennedy himself favoured Robertson, but he warned him he didn't want someone trying to imitate his distinctive New England accent.
"That was fine with me," the actor commented in 1963. "I think it would have been a mistake for me to say 'Hahvahd' or try to reproduce gestures. Then the audience would have been constantly aware that an actor was impersonating the president."
He added that the film obviously couldn't be done with heroics, "like Errol Flynn gunning down 30 of the enemy. This young naval officer just does things because they have to be done."
Hair parted on wrong side
After seeing photos of Robertson in costume, Kennedy had one critique: His hair was parted on the wrong side. The actor dutifully trained his hair to part on the left.
PT-109 was plagued with problems from the start: script changes, switch of directors, bad weather, snakes and mosquitoes in the Florida Keys where it was filmed. The troubles were evident on the screen, and critics roundly rapped the film, although Robertson's work won praise.
In 1977 Robertson made the headlines again, this time by blowing the whistle on a Hollywood financial scandal.
He discovered that David Begelman, president of Columbia Pictures, had forged his signature on a $10,000 salary check, and he called the FBI and the Burbank and Beverly Hills police departments. Hollywood insiders were not happy with the ugly publicity.
"I got phone calls from powerful people who said, 'You've been very fortunate in this business, I'm sure you wouldn't want all this to come to an end,"' Robertson recalled in 1984.
Begelman served time for embezzlement, but he returned to the film business. He committed suicide in 1995.
Robertson said neither the studios nor the networks would hire him for four years. He supported himself as a spokesman for AT&T until the drought ended in 1981 when he was hired by MGM for Brainstorm, Natalie Wood's final film.
Adopted by wealthy parents
Born Sept. 9, 1923, in La Jolla, Calif., Robertson was two when he was adopted by wealthy parents who named him Clifford Parker Robertson III. After his parents divorced and his mother died, he was reared by his maternal grandmother, whom he adored.
Robertson studied briefly at Antioch College, majoring in journalism, then returned to California and appeared in two small roles in Hollywood movies. Rejected by the services in the Second World War because of a weak eye, he served in the Merchant Marine.
He set his sights on New York theater, and like dozens of other future stars, profited from the advent of live television drama. His Broadway roles also attracted notice, and after rejecting Hollywood offers for several years, he accepted a contract at Columbia Pictures.
"I think I held the record for the number of times I was on suspension," he remarked in 1969. "I remember once I turned down a B picture, telling the boss, Harry Cohn, I would rather take a suspension. He shouted at me, 'Kid, ya got more guts than brains.' I think old Harry might have been right."
Robertson's first performance for Columbia, Picnic, was impressive, even though his screen pal, William Holden, stole the girl, Kim Novak. He followed with a tearjerker, Autumn Leaves, as Joan Crawford's young husband, then a musical, The Girl Most Likely with Jane Powell. In 1959 he endeared himself to Gidget fans as The Big Kahuna, the mature Malibu surf bum who takes Gidget under his wing.
Busy and versatile
He remained a busy, versatile leading man through the '60s and '70s, but lacked the intensity of Brando, James Dean and others who brought a new style of acting to the screen.
"I'm not one of the Golden Six," he commented in 1967, referring to the top male stars of that day. "I take what's left over." They all know me as a great utility player. 'Good old Cliff,' they say. Someday I'd like to be in there as the starting pitcher."
The chance came with Charly, but after the usual Oscar flurry, he resumed his utility position.
Robertson had his greatest success in war movies. His strong presence made him ideal for such films as The Naked and the Dead, Battle of Coral Sea, 633 Squadron, Up From the Beach, The Devil's Brigade, Too Late the Hero and Midway.
He had a passion for flying, and he poured his movie earnings into buying and restoring World War I and II planes. He even entered balloon races, including one in 1964 from the mainland to Catalina Island that ended with him being rescued from the Pacific Ocean.
In 1957, Robertson married Lemmon's ex-wife, Cynthia Stone, and they had a daughter, Stephanie, before splitting in 1960. In 1966, he married Merrill and they had a daughter, Heather. The couple divorced in 1989.
Robertson's funeral is set for Friday in East Hampton.