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Comfort and Fear
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Comfort and Fear
1946-1964




The end of Second World War signals the end of years of social, political and economic upheaval in Canada. The post-war baby boom and government economic and social policies give rise to unprecedented prosperity and growth of Canadian communities. But in the midst of plenty, growing fears of the Cold War and nuclear conflict create an unsettled atmosphere. Political leaders - including John Diefenbaker, Joey Smallwood, and Maurice Duplessis - create change and controversy. Saskatchewan's premier Tommy Douglas begins the fight for medicare. And throughout all this, Canada finds itself increasingly absorbed into the American military, economic and cultural orbit.
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Newsworld broadcast:
Friday, January 11, 2002
10pm - midnight Eastern



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Cold War Canada
In 1945, Igor Gouzenko and his family received new identities from the Canadian government after the young Russian Embassy cipher clerk announced he had proof of a widespread spy ring in Canada. Pictured here, Gouzenko wears a hood to conceal his identity A Russian spy scandal propels Canada into the post-war world, defined by communist fears and nuclear choices. The country finds a voice in the new international order when a Canadian brings home the Nobel Peace Prize.
Great Expectations
Canadians demand more from government in the post-war era. Saskatchewan gives rise to medicare while Quebecers begin to reject the authority of the state. Meanwhile, Newfoundlanders debate whether joining confederation will improve their lives. In post-war Newfoundland, incomes were a third of those in Canada and the economy depended on primary industries such as fishing. Pictured here, codfish caught off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, 1949. (National Archives of Canada, PA-110814)
The Canadian Dream
After the Second World War, Canada accepted 165,000 displaced person - refugees from the devastation in Europe. Pictured here, refugees arriving in Halifax in 1948. (Courtesy of the Canada Science and Technology Museum, Ottawa) Canadians enjoy the good life in the prosperity of the post-war years. New immigrants and refugees arrive in a country brimming with possibilities. Family life flourishes giving rise to "the suburbs." And teenagers embrace a cultural invasion from the U.S
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