Battle for a Continent
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Battle for a Continent
British control of Quebec
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Capitulation and Religion
In negotiating the terms for the surrender of the colony, Quebec's governor Pierre de Rigaud, the Marquis de Vaudreuil, managed to obtain one adroit and critical concession.
Pierre de Rigaud, the Marquis de Vaudreuil was the first Canadian-born governor of New France. (As portrayed by Paul Savoie in Canada: A People's History)
Pierre de Rigaud, the Marquis de Vaudreuil was the first Canadian-born governor of New France. (As portrayed by Paul Savoie in Canada: A People's History)
Included in the Articles of Capitulation was a clause to insure religious freedom.

"The free exercise of the Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman Religion, shall subsist entire, in such manner that all the states and the people of the Towns and countries, places and distant posts, shall continue to assemble in the churches, and to frequent the sacraments as heretofore, without being molested in any manner, either directly or indirectly."

This was a dramatic gain, given that in Protestant England, Catholics had no religious or civil rights. They were unable to vote, hold office and certain professions were closed to them. On September 8, 1760, half of the continent changed hands; George II now had 65,000 French-speaking Catholic subjects.

In the American colonies, where Benjamin Franklin and others had been pushing for further settlement into Canadian territory, there was mass jubilation at Quebec's capitulation.
For Franklin, the future was clear and bright.

"No one can rejoice more sincerely than I do on the Reduction of Canada. If we keep (Canada), all the country from the St. Laurence to Mississippi, will in another century be fill'd with British people...."

Franklin thought the battle for the continent was won, but remarkable events would prove him wrong.


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French surrender at Montreal

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Battle for a Continent
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Attempts at peace
British control of Quebec
Capitulation and Religion
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