French surrender at Montreal
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French surrender at Montreal
French surrender at Montreal
When the British were the first to arrive up the St.
French General Franois-Gaston de Lvis ordered his troops to burn their flags when they were refused the military honours of war after their surrender. (As portrayed in Canada: A People's History)
French General Franois-Gaston de Lvis ordered his troops to burn their flags when they were refused the military honours of war after their surrender. (As portrayed in Canada: A People's History)
Lawrence in May 1760, the French General François-Gaston de Lévis had no choice but to retreat to Montreal, where he planned to make a last stand. But three British armies totalling 17,000 men began to converge on the town, burning villages along the way and prompting mass desertions from the Canadian militia.

By September the armies had surrounded Lévis at Montreal with General Jeffery Amherst's men arriving at Lachine on September 6, 1760. Although Lévis wanted to fight, Governor Marquis de Vaudreuil felt there was nothing left but to surrender the town.

Amherst, who had agreed to Vaudreuil's terms of surrender, refused to grant Lévis the military honours of war. This courtesy, usually granted to a defeated commander who had fought well and bravely, would have allowed Lévis and his men to depart from Montreal with dignity, their uniforms and regimental flags intact.

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