North America’s geologic journey actually begins on another continent, Africa, over 8,000 kilometres away.

Four hundred million years ago all of eastern North America was nestled beside Africa, part of a super-continent called Pangea where crocodiles and dinosaurs roamed a sweltering landscape.

Approximately 200 millions years ago, Pangea began to break apart, tearing North America from Africa and leading to the creation of the Atlantic Ocean.

Like twins separated at birth, the volcanic rock of the Atlas Mountains resembles the cliffs alongside Nova Scotia’s Bay of Fundy.

Volcanic eruptions released huge amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere pushing global temperatures up by 15 degrees and causing a disastrous change in climate contributing to a mass extinction.


  • Paleo-ecologists believe that it took 10 million years for life to re-generate after the mass extinction.
  • The Atlas Mountains take their name from an ancient Greek God whose colossal strength stopped the sky from falling by holding up the heavens.

  • The Great Lakes
    Discover the roots of a long vanished mountain range, explore the remains of an inland tropical sea and trace the story of a dramatic flood
  • The Rockies
    An ever-changing landmass, geologists are learning how the Rockies were formed and discovering what they will become.
  • The Canadian Shield
    The largest - and one of the oldest - expanses of ancient rock on the planet has riches of gold and diamonds under it's crust.
  • The Appalachians
    These fabled mountains contain a geologic puzzle, a rich legacy, and the scarcely known threat of earthquakes.
  • The Atlantic Coast
    The dramatic story of volcanic outpourings, massive rifting of continents and the bursting forth of a new ocean - the Atlantic.

A five-part series that chronicles the incredible—and surprising—history of Canada's landscape in HD.

Canada Rocks Read an excerpt from Canada Rocks, a new book by the scientific advisor to Geologic Journey, Nick Eyles.

Watch video interviews with some of the scientists featured in Geologic Journey (produced in conjunction with National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada).

Order the Geologic Journey DVD for classroom use and download Teacher Resource Materials.
The Nature of Things with David Suzuki
Pangea: A supercontinent that existed about 250 million years ago. It was a C-shaped landmass spread across the equator. Pangaea is believed to have broken up about 180 million years ago, leading to the current configuration of continents.