- October 27, 2008 11:44 AM |
- By Kevin Yarr
by Kevin Yarr, CBCNews.ca
It's a strange thing we do with pumpkins.
Irish immigrants brought the carving tradition to scare off spirits to North America. (Kevin Yarr/CBC)
Generally identified as a vegetable, most of the pumpkin that gets eaten in Canada is put into pies, and of course most of the pumpkins grown in Canada are not eaten at all. All this week Canadians will be hacking at the gourds with knifes and saws to decorate the fronts of their houses.
We should be thankful for this native North American plant, for reasons to be found in the European roots of Halloween and the Jack-o'-Lantern.
The decoration is said to have its origins in the story of the mythical Irish character Stingy Jack. Jack was a hard, uncharitable man, and when the devil came to demand Jack's soul he suggested a drink first. The devil agreed, and the smooth-talking Jack convinced the devil to turn himself into a coin to pay for the drink. Jack quickly slipped the coin into his purse, where a silver cross prevented the devil from changing back.
Jack let the devil out only after he promised to leave him alone for a year. There are other tales of Jack tricking the devil, and eventually extracting a promise to forever leave his soul alone.
Sadly, exclusion from hell did not win Jack a place in heaven. Turned away from heaven and hell when he died, Jack begged a burning coal from the devil so he could see his way. He put the coal in a lantern carved from a turnip, and was doomed to wander the earth with it until judgment day.
Stingy Jack became Jack of the Lantern, or Jack-o'-Lantern. Celtic peoples carved potatoes and turnips, emulating Jack's story, to scare off spirits with this image of a doomed soul.
Irish immigrants brought the tradition to North America, where there were not so many turnips to carve, but when they found how much easier it was to carve a pumpkin I'm sure the turnips weren't missed.
None of these pumpkins are destined for the dinner table. (Kevin Yarr/CBC)
For this I am thankful. I do not relish the thought of carving a turnip, and it's hard to imagine some of the elaborate carvings — well beyond the triangle eyes and jagged teeth — being done today on a turnip.
Canada's farmers can also be thankful, particularly those who like to sell in local markets. Statistics Canada lumps together pumpkin and squash in its figures, but shows them to have a growing value. With a $22 million harvest in 2001, it had become Canada's seventh most important vegetable, up from 15th in 1986. Only eight per cent of the harvest went for processing, and given the unwieldiness of the vegetable, it's not surprising that the majority of the rest of the crop was sold to local consumers.
Given the difficulty of even finding a fresh pie pumpkin amongst the wagonloads of those destined to go under the knife, it would seem few of those fresh pumpkins make it to the table.
It is a strange tradition that puts food that we don't eat at the centre of a festival.
Do you have a favourite pumpkin recipe that isn't pie?
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