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CBC News Federal Election

DISTRICT: Provencher
CandidatePartyVote CountVote ShareElected
Vic ToewsCON2519965.68% X
Wes PennerLIB607715.84%
Patrick O'ConnorNDP525913.71%
Janine G. GibsonGRN18304.77%
December 14, 2:04:38 PM EST 173 of 173 polls reporting


221 Provencher

2006 Candidates:
CON:Vic Toews (Incumbent)
GRN:Janine Gibson
LIB:Wes Penner
NDP:Patrick O'Connor


 Riding Map
This riding is in the southeast corner of Manitoba, bordering Ontario in the east and the United States in the south. The city of Winnipeg forms part of the boundary in the west. The riding includes Lac du Bonnet, Steinbach, Altona, Lorette, Pinawa and several native reserves. Whiteshell Provincial Park is in the northeastern part of the riding.

The agricultural sector employs a major part of the workforce in this mainly rural riding, followed by manufacturing.

This area was once the home of Metis leader Louis Riel. Mennonites of Dutch-German ancestry are now the riding's largest ethnic group. In the 2001 census, 17 per cent listed German as their ethnic origin. Almost 12 per cent of the population listed French as their mother tongue, while 16 per cent listed German.

The average family income in 2001 was $55,592 and the unemployment rate was 4.3 per cent.

In 1996, 10 per cent of Selkirk-Red River was added to Provencher. In 2004, it added four per cent of Churchill riding.

Political History
In 2004, Conservative Vic Toews won a second term here, defeating Liberal Peter Epp with 63 per cent of the vote.

Sir George-Étienne Cartier was acclaimed in this riding in 1872. He died, and in 1874, Riel was acclaimed. On April 16, 1874, the House of Commons passed a motion expelling Riel from the House. A new writ was issued and Riel was returned by acclamation. On Feb. 25, 1875, a resolution was passed by the House declaring him an outlaw. A new writ was issued and Liberal Andrew Bannatyne was acclaimed.

The riding was Conservative from 1878 to 1904, then Liberal or Liberal Progressive from 1904 to 1957.

PC Warner Jorgenson held Provencher from 1957 to 1968, when he was defeated by Liberal Mark Smerchanski.

In 1972, Smerchanski lost to PC Jake Epp by 4,773 votes. Epp was re-elected in 1974, 1979, 1980, 1984 and 1988. He served as minister of Indian affairs and northern development under Joe Clark and minister of health and welfare and minister of energy, mines and resources under Brian Mulroney.

Liberal David Iftody was elected over Reform candidates in 1993 and 1997, but he was defeated in 2000 by Toews, running under the Canadian Alliance banner.

1935-53 inclusive - LIB/LIB PROG
1957-65 inclusive - PC
1968 - LIB
1972-88 inclusive - PC
1993, 1997 - LIB
2000 - CA
2004 - CON


Vic Toews

Party: Conservative Party of Canada

Birth date: Sept. 10, 1952
Age: 53
Birthplace: Paraguay

Education: Holds a BA in History and a law degree from the University of Manitoba. He also took courses in public sector management.
Profession: Lawyer

Marital status: Married
Name of spouse: Lorraine
Children: Leslie and Mark

Career background: From 1977-1987, he was Crown counsel to the department of the attorney general, as well as counsel to the Deparment of Labour and Employment Services and the Manitoba Labour Board, and was the director of Workplace Safety and Health and the director of Child Welfare. From 1987-1991, he was director of the constitutional law branch for the Department of Justice. In 1991, he was the associate counsel for the Great West Life Assurance Company. After being defeated in the 1999 Manitoba election, he returned to Great West Life as their senior counsel. From 1988-1995, he was a lecturer on labour law and employment law at the University of Manitoba, and was also a member of the Manitoba Bar Association task force on gender equality in the legal profession.

Community activities: Served as president and vice-president of the community school association for Lord Wolseley School and as a member of the board of directors of YM-YWCA.

Electoral History
Provincial: Defeated in Elmwood in 1990. Elected in Rossmere in 1995; defeated in 1999
Federal: Elected in Provencher in 2000 and 2004

Political History
Cabinet: In May 1995, he was the provincial minister of labour and the minister charged with administration of the Civil Service Act, Civil Service Superannuation Act, Civil Service Supplementary Severance Benefit Act, Public Servants Act and the Workers' Compensation Act. In January 1997, he was the provincial minister of justice and attorney general, keeper of the Great Seal and the minister responsible for constitutional affairs.
Committee: Former member: Justice and Human Rights; subcommittee on National Security of Justice and Human Rights; Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness. Member: Subcommittee on the process for appointment to the Federal Judiciary of the Standing Committee on Justice, Human Rights, Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness.
Caucus: Former Canadian Alliance justice critic. Became Conservative party justice critic in January 2004

Tel: (204) 346-7710
Email: vote@victoews.com

Janine Gibson

Party: Green Party of Canada

Education: Has studied psychology and English at the University of Winnipeg as well as family studies at the University of Manitoba.
Profession: Organic food inspector

Children: two

Career background: She is currently the national president of Canadian Organic Growers. She's a founding member and current co-chair of the Organic Food Council of Manitoba (the MB Chapter of COG). She works as an author and educator on organic inspection and production methods. She's worked as an independent organic inspector since 1993 and an Independent Organic Inspectors Association trainer of inspectors since 1995

Tel: (204) 434-6018
Email: jgibson@greenparty.ca

Wes Penner

Party: Liberal Party of Canada

Education: He earned a BA from St. John's University and an education degree and teaching certificate from the University of Manitoba.
Profession: Teacher, businessman

Marital Status: Married
Name of Spouse: Ruth
Children: Five

Career Background: He taught for over 10 years in Provencher, Lynne Lake and Loon Straits. He then bid, won and completed a subcontract to clear trees on the Nelson River project for Manitoba Hydro. He owns and operates the Wilderness Edge Retreat and Conference Centre in Pinawa. He is also the president of David Penner Development and is a partner in Woodmaster, a construction company in Okotoks.

Community Activities: He is a board member of the Historica Foundation of Canada and sits on the Professional Development and Education Committee. He is a founding director of The Technology Consortium and has been a board member and director of several organizations.

Electoral History
Federal: Defeated in Provencher as a Liberal in 1988 and as a National Party candidate in 1993

Campaign Office:
316 Main (Steinbach)
170 Marion (Winnipeg
(204) 231-8515

Patrick O'Connor

Party: New Democratic Party

Education: Studied Mathematics and Physics at the University of Manitoba
Profession: Nuclear waste management

Marital Status: Married
Name of Spouse: Misty
Children: Three sons

Career Background: Employed as a computer programmer in the Physics, Cyclotron Department at the University of Manitoba for six years before being hired by Atomic Energy of Canada's Whiteshell Labs at Pinawa, Manitoba

Community Activities: Served on the Board of Directors of Beausejour Consumers' Co-op and president of the Board from 1983 to 1988

Political History
Party: President of the Provencher NDP Riding Association for most of the time since 1975; author of the Federal NDP policy on nuclear fuel waste management

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