This urban-rural riding is located in the heart of Quebec's eastern townships, with the Canada-U.S. border as its southern boundary. It contains the regional county municipality of Brome-Missisquoi, part of Le Haut-Richelieu, La Haute-Yamaska and Memphrémagog. The communities of St-Sébastien, Henryville, Noyan, St-Georges-de-Clarenceville and Venise-en-Québec and the City of Bromont fall in the riding.
Manufacturing is the major industry in this riding, followed by other services and retail trade. The average family income is $54,668 and unemployment is 6.8 per cent.
According to the 2001 census, 17 per cent of the population listed English as their mother tongue. The total immigrant population was over four per cent.
In 2004, a small area from Compton-Stanstead was added. The riding
was established in 1924 as Brome-Missisquoi. It existed as Missisquoi
from 1966 to 1970, and 1976 to 1983. In 1986, a small part of Shefford
was added. There was no change in 1996.
In 2004, Liberal Denis Paradis was re-elected, ahead of Bloc
candidate Christian Ouellet by 1,072 votes. Paradis
first won in a byelection here in 1994, following the death of BQ incumbent
Gaston Peloquin. Paradis was appointed secretary of state for Latin
America and Africa and the Francophonie in 2002 and appointed minister
of state for financial institutions in 2003. He held that job until
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey held the seat from 1958 until
he was defeated in the 1968 election. Grafftey was re-elected in
1972, 1974 and 1979, but was defeated in 1980 by Liberal André Bachand.
Grafftey was named minister of science and technology and minister
of state for social programs in 1979. He ran for the PCs again
in 2000, after 20 years out of office. The riding swung back to
the PCs in 1984 and 1988, electing Gabrielle Bertrand. In 1993,
the BQ's Peloquin defeated Liberal Joan Kouri but died in 1994.
1925, 1926 - LIB
1930 - CONS
1935-57 inclusive - LIB
1958-65 inclusive - PC
1968 - LIB
1972, 1974, 1979 - PC
1980 - LIB
1984, 1988 - PC
1993 - BQ
1995 byelection, 1997, 2000, 2004 - LIB
Party: Bloc Québécois
Education: M.Sc. (Building), University of Manchester, England (1972-75) member, l'Ordre des architectes du Québec (since 1969)
Career background: Worked as an architect in Montreal and Lac-Brome from 1982 to 2004. Also worked as an architect and head designer from 1969 to 1972. Was a professor at the University of Montreal School of Architecture form 1973 to 1981. Was also a lecturer at the University of Quebec in Montreal, design 3D
Community activities: Served as chair of the executive, l'OMH, Lac-Brome in 2004. Was president of the Solar Energy Society of Canada from 1989 to 1993. Was the co-founder of Québec Solaire in 1981. Was member of the National Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development from 2002 to 2004 and served as president since October 2003
Party: Member of the executive of Lac-Brome PQ. President of the executive, Brome-Missisquoi BQ, from 2004 to 2004. Served as environmental adviser, PQ Regional Executive, from 2000 to 2004. Member of the campaign team for the Brome-Missisquoi BQ in 2000 and for Brome-Missisquoi PQ in 2003
Federal: Defeated in Brome-Missisquoi in 2004
Party: Conservative Party of Canada
Education: Completed studies in law and literature at McGill University as well as at Bishop's University
Career Background: In his practice, he specializes in transportation law and international law. He has worked in both the public and private sectors. Some cases he pleaded have entered jurisprudence. He has spoken at many law schools and for well-known companies and published numerous articles on maritime law. He has also received the Martindale-Hubbel Prize.
Municipal: Former city councillor
Party: The Green Party of Canada
Birth Date: 1939
Birthplace: Cowansville, Que.
Party: Liberal Party of Canada
Birth date: April 1, 1949
Birthplace: St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Que.
Education: Holds a B.Comm. (1970) and law degree (1975) from the University of Ottawa
Marital status: Married
Name of spouse: Viviane Crevier
Career background: Was admitted to the Quebec bar in 1976. Is a partner in the firm Paradis-Poulin. From 1986 to 1982, he taught agricultural law for the Quebec Bar. Was the president of the Association of lawyers outside major urban centres in 1983. Was the vice-president of the Quebec bar in 1992. In 1993, he was president of the Quebec bar. Also co-authored a book Régles de procédure devant les tribunaux administratifs, in 1985
Party: Former president of the federal Liberal Association of Brome-Missisquoi.
Federal: Elected in Brome-Missisquoi in Feb. 13, 1995 byelection, 1997, 2000 and 2004
Political History (Federal/Provincial)
Parliamentary secretary: Worked for the minister of International Co-operation and minister responsible for the Francophonie in 1999. Worked for the minister of Foreign Affairs from 1999 to 2001
Cabinet: Jan. 15, 2002 to Dec. 12, 2003, secretary of state (Latin America and Africa) (Francophonie). Dec. 12, 2003, minister of state (Financial Institutions)
Committee: Former vice-chair: Public Accounts; Health; standing joint committee on official languages; special joint committee to amend Section 93 of the Constitution Act (1867) concerning the Quebec School System Justice and Human Rights; former member: Agriculture and Agri-Food; Foreign Affairs and International Trade; subcommittee on human rights and international development of foreign affairs and international trade; special joint committee on child custody and access. Member: Environment and Sustainable Development
Caucus: Former chair of the Quebec Liberal caucus. Was a member of caucus committee on the banks.
104 Sud Street
Room 247 West Block
House of Commons
Party: New Democratic Party
Birth Date: 1984
Birthplace: Longueuil, Que.
Education: Studied sociology and criminology at Bishop's University. Received a natural science diploma from the Cégep de Sherbrooke.
Children: One son
Party: Progressive Canadian Party
Birth Date: Aug. 5, 1928
Birthplace: Montreal, Que.
Education: BA with majors in political science and history from Mount Allison; Bachelor of Law from McGill
Profession: Lawyer, author and businessman
Children: Three children: Arthur Heward, Clement Tai-Yong, and Leah Yoon Hee
Career Background: He is a Q.C. Active in business and is CEO of SafetySense, a company that publishes basic safety booklets for businesses
and schools. Author of several non-fiction books, including one in 2001 on the state of Canadian politics titled
Democracy Challenged: How to End One-Party Rule in Canada
Federal: Elected to the House of Commons for Brome-Missisquoi in the general election of 1958; re-elected in 1962, 1963, 1965,
1972, 1974, and 1979. Ran unsuccessfully in the 2000 general election. After the Progressive Conservative Party and the Canadian
Alliance merged to form the Conservative Party of Canada, Grafftey maintained that he was still a Progressive Conservative. He is
running in this election for the Progressive Canadian Party.
Cabinet: 1962-63: Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Finance; 1979-1980: Minister of State for Social Programs and for
Science and Technology
Caucus: Member of the Progressive Conservative Party caucus from 1958-68 and 1973-79