161 Niagara Falls
This mixed urban-rural riding in southern Ontario takes in the towns of
Fort Erie, Niagara on the Lake and the city of Niagara Falls.
The long, narrow riding runs along the Niagara River from Lake Ontario
in the north to Lake Erie in the south.
Niagara Falls is home to the grape-growing and wine-making industry, which
is a large part of riding's manufacturing sector. Tourism is a significant industry
because of Niagara Falls, the casino and the Shaw Festival. In the 2001 census, nine per cent of residents listed Italian as their ethnic origin. Average family income is $62,620 and unemployment is 5.7 per cent.
In 2004, the western boundary moved east from the Welland Canal to the
Thorold Town Line and the southern boundary extended south to Lake Erie.
The riding was created in 1952 from Welland riding. In 1996, a piece of
Welland-St. Catharines-Thorold riding was added.
1953-1968 - LIB
1972 - PC
1974 - LIB
1979 - PC
1980 - LIB
1984, 1988 - PC
1993, 1997, 2000 - LIB
In 2000, Liberal Gary Pillitteri defeated the Alliance's Mel Grunstein
to win a third term.
PC Rob Nicholson won in 1984 and 1988. The riding alternated between
Liberal and Conservative MPs in the 1970s and 1980s. Combining the
Conservative and Alliance vote in this riding could unseat the Liberals.
Judy LaMarsh was first elected here in a 1960 byelection and served
until 1968. She was Minister of National Health and Welfare in 1963
under LIB Prime Minister Lester Pearson.