In 2011, the Federal government created the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation, a brand new, landless band.
Members would be recognized as status Indians and be entitled to benefits.
More than one hundred thousand people applied, shocking government officials.
Now, thousands of people who say they can prove they are of Mi'kmaq ancestry, are having their applications rejected.
Hector Pearce is one of them, and he's leading the group's bid for recognition.
Leigh Anne Power brings us the story...