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Monday: Order of Canada - Doran, South Sudan: Save the Children, Volgograd bombings, and more...

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Tonight:

He knows what makes him tic. But Dr. Mort Doran has found ways to control his Tourette syndrome -- and the surgeon's accomplishments have just won him an appointment to the Order of Canada.

Written in blood. Yesterday, a railway station, and today a bus -- two bombings in Volgograd, Russia, that are being interpreted as defiant messages to President Vladimir Putin.

Danger in numbers. Nearly two hundred thousand people have fled the violence in South Sudan -- but those who haven't made it to U.N. compounds are facing a different nightmare.

The body says "No" -- but the eyes say everything else. An encore presentation of our award-winning interview with Jason Becker -- a virtuoso guitarist who's still making music, despite being all but paralyzed by ALS.

We'll make you a nail, nose, and Throat specialist. Tonight's edition of "As It Happened" looks at hidden things -- including the identity of the Watergate informant, and one man's discovery of a one-inch nail lodged in his sinus cavity for years.

And...auld slang syne. The New York Times issues its list of words and phrases to be rejected in the New Year -- and it literally includes the word "literally".

As It Happens, the Monday edition. Radio that may be pigeon-toed and bow-legged -- but is never hackneyed.


Show:AS_IT_HAPPENS
Date:2013/12/30
Time:17:30:01

PART ONE


ORDER OF CANADA: DORAN Duration: 00:07:16

Being a surgeon isn't easy. If it was, we wouldn't have the sardonic expression, "it ain't surgery." But being a surgeon with Tourette syndrome is, you would think, pretty close to impossible.

Don't tell that to Morton Doran. He has spent his entire adult life dealing with the full-blown symptoms of the condition. And his entire adult life performing general surgery.

Dr. Doran is one of today's appointees to the Order of Canada, for his efforts to raise awareness of Tourette Syndrome, and his commitment to medical education.

We reached Morton Doran in Fairmont, British Columbia.


TAPE: MATHESON OBIT Duration: 00:03:03

There's one person in particular that Morton Doran and the other Order of Canada appointees might want to remember today: John Matheson. He was a Liberal MP, and later a judge, who helped found the award -- and design its distinctive snowflake medal.

Mr. Matheson died on Friday at age 66.

And in addition to the Order of Canada, he was also partially responsible for our flag. Based on his own sketches, he helped create and champion the simple red maple leaf. So we can all thank Mr. Matheson for the fact that our country is not represented the world over by a flapping beaver, or a loon, or any of the weird multicoloured versions that were being considered at the time.

John Matheson was himself appointed to the Order of Canada in 1994. In February of that year, he was interviewed on Ottawa's Radio Noon by host Dave Stephens.

Here is part of the interview, where he explained how the Canadian flag was born.


ME IN YOU Duration: 00:00:19
Album:DECLARATION OF DEPENDENCE/KINGS OF CONVENIENCE
Label:VIRGIN, 50999 3 06840 2 7
Persons/Roles:
ERIK GLAMBEK BOE - COMPOSER
ERLEND OYE - COMPOSER
DAVIDE BERTOLINI - PRODUCER
ROBERT JONNUM - PRODUCER
KINGS OF CONVENIENCE - POP GROUP
KINGS OF CONVENIENCE - PRODUCER

SOUTH SUDAN: SAVE THE CHILDREN Duration: 00:07:15

In the space of two weeks, 180,000 people have fled for their lives in South Sudan in central Africa.

Some have taken refuge at United Nations bases across the country. But many thousands more have simply scattered into the bush. And with every day, their situation is becoming more critical.

By sundown, South Sudan's army said that it was fighting off fresh attacks by rebels in the contested town of Bor, north of the capital.

Helen Mould is an emergency responder with the charity Save the Children. She's in Nairobi, but she'll be returning to South Sudan tomorrow. We reached her tonight in Nairobi.


REQUIEM FOR ANNA Duration: 00:00:31
Album:MONSIEUR GAINSBOURG REVISITED
Label:BARCLAY, 000031
Persons/Roles:
SERGE GAINSBOURG - COMPOSER
ANNABELLE TATHUM - ADAPTOR/LYRICIST
PORTISHEAD - POP GROUP

VOLGOGRAD BOMBINGS Duration: 00:06:05

People in Volgograd were already on edge this morning as they headed out to work.

Yesterday, a suicide attacker had detonated a bomb in the Russian city's main train station, killing more than a dozen people.

Then, today, just as rush hour was getting underway, another bomb exploded -- this time on a bus, tearing the vehicle to shreds and blowing out windows in nearby apartments.

Maria Tsvetkova is a reporter for the Reuters news agency. We reached her in Volgograd.


SULTAN'S REQUEST Duration: 00:00:25
Album:UNTIL THE QUIET COMES/FLYING LOTUS
Label:WARP
Persons/Roles:
FLYING LOTUS - COMPOSER
FLYING LOTUS - DJ PRODUCER

SCRIPT: WORDS TO BE SCRAPPED Duration: 00:01:27

Tomorrow night, many of us will be raising a glass and reflecting on the year that was -- and planning to start fresh in 2014.

And as we're out there buying discounted workout gear at the Boxing Week sales, and resolving to exercise, the New York Times would also like us to resolve to exercise some linguistic self-restraint. More specifically, to just stop using the following words of phrases:

"Artisan" -- as in "this beard comb was hand-carved by artisans, and will benefit your personal brand";

"Brand" -- as in "I've established an enviable personal brand with my blog about gluten-free brunch pastries";

"Gluten-free" -- as in "Those gluten-free brunch pastries are world-class";

"World-class" -- as in, "We're committed twenty-four-seven to running a world-class gluten-free brunch";

"Best practices" -- as in, "We follow culinary and environmental best practices to bring you a gluten-free brunch";

"Whatever" -- as in, "That so-called world-class brunch was totally whatever";

"Twenty-four-seven" and "end of the day" -- as in, "At the end of the day, we work twenty-four-seven to ensure our artisanal beard combs will consistently remove the crumbs of gluten-free brunch pastries from your facial hair."

And that's literally the entire list. Oh, except for one final word Times columnist Timothy Egan would like us to stop using in 2014: "literally".


ENCORE: JASON BECKER Duration: 00:18:37

We're not big on tooting our own horn here. But in June this year, "As It Happens" won an award -- and it was kind of a big deal. The Gabriel Awards recognize broadcasting excellence throughout North America, for works that, quote, "uplift and nourish the human spirit". At a ceremony in Denver, Colorado, our Executive Producer, Robin Smythe, accepted a Gabriel Award for an interview we did with musician Jason Becker.

At age 20, Jason Becker was on his way to the top. He had just scored a prize gig as the guitarist for rock superstar David Lee Roth. But then tragedy struck. Jason was diagnosed with ALS -- also known as Lou Gehrig's disease. The prognosis was not good. Doctors only gave him a few years to live. And just a few months after the diagnosis, Jason lost his ability to move and speak.

But over two decades later, Jason has proved the doctors wrong. He is still alive, and he is still making music.

Last year, a documentary of Jason's life, called "Jason Becker: Not Dead Yet" was released. And at the time we spoke to Jason.

We're going to hear that interview again. But first, from the documentary, here is an example of Jason's musical talent -- a clip of Jason Becker performing at his high school, at the age of 16.Now, here is an encore presentation of our award-winning piece about Jason Becker. In a moment, we will hear Carol and Jason's conversation -- with interpretive help from his father, Gary.

But first, Carol spoke with the film's director, Jesse Vile, who was in our London, England studio.


IMAGES Duration: 00:01:27
Album:COLLECTION/BECKER, JASON
Label:SHRAPNEL
Persons/Roles:
JASON BECKER - COMPOSER
JASON BECKER - ELECTRIC GUITAR

FROM OUR ARCHIVES: HOTTEST PEPPER Duration: 00:02:32

Don't fear the reaper. There's no need. Unless you touch it, or taste it, or choose to breathe anywhere near it.

The reaper is the Carolina Reaper and the good folk at Guinness say it's the hottest chile pepper on earth. It's the work of Ed Currie of the evocatively named PuckerButt Pepper Company of Fort Hill, South Carolina. It replaces the previous title holder, the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion.

Back in February of last year, Helen spoke to the man who took the measure of the Trinidad Moruga -- Paul Bosland of New Mexico State University's Chile Pepper Institute. He began by explaining just how hot the Scorpion is.


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