*Aboriginal Experiments: Student. Alvin Dixon says he may have been one of the unwitting experimental subjects in a Federal Government nutritional experiment on Aboriginal children in the 1940's. He'll tell us his story.
*Aboriginal Experiments: Chief. Former Grand Chief of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs Ron Evans describes the experiments he was subjected to without his knowledge - or consent.
*Cartel Leader Captured. The leader of Mexico's feared Zetas drug cartel is captured by marines. With Trevino Morales sitting behind bars, some now wonder if one of the most powerful criminal organizations in the country might be falling apart.
*Old Calendar. A formation of ancient holes in the hills of Scotland calls into question our understanding of ancient societies. A University of Birmingham Professor tells us he has discovered the world's oldest calendar.
A long-buried betrayal. More on the horrific revelations about a Second World War-era federal government experiment that used aboriginal people as unwitting guinea pigs.
The subjects address the subject. We'll speak with two men who have realized they may have been made to suffer nutritional deprivation as part of the experiment.
A heartless head. The notorious leader of Mexico's infamous Zetas cartel is arrested -- and even in a group known for its brutality, his sadism stands out.
He made it look so uneasy. We'll remember the late Alex Colville -- the legendary Canadian artist whose paintings are both harmonious and ominous.
First, they were badly behaved -- and then badly beehived. In South Africa, a couple of Good Samaritans come face-to-face with gun-wielding carjackers -- and then they're saved by angry bees.
And...the holes are greater than the sum of their parts. In Scotland, archaeologists discover a series of craters that make up the oldest known calendar ever discovered.
As It Happens, the Wednesday edition. Radio that learns the ancient calendar was terrific -- because it was just the pits.
Imagine finding out that you had been the subject of an experiment run by the government. An experiment in deprivation -- when you were just a child.
Yesterday on "As It Happens", we spoke to historian Ian Mosby. He told us how he discovered a series of large-scale federal government experiments done on aboriginal people in the 'Forties and 'Fifties. They included denying necessary nourishment to starving children to see how they fared.
Tonight we'll hear two stories.
In a moment, the chief of Norway House Cree nation tells us what happened to him. But first: Alvin Dixon suspects he was also one of those experimental subjects. He attended school in Port Alberni, British Columbia in the nineteen-forties. We reached Mr. Dixon in Vancouver. And a warning, this interview contains strong language.
Ron Evans is the former Grand Chief of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs, and the current chief of the Norway House Cree Nation. Norway House is another community where the federal government's nutrition experiments were conducted.
We reached Mr. Evans in Norway House, Manitoba.
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His subjects are varied -- a dark horse running toward a train in Horse and Train, a woman peering through binoculars in To Prince Edward Island, the torso of a nude woman holding a gun in Woman With Revolver. And his style is instantly recognizable -- ordered scenes that whisper of disorder.
Artist Alex Colville died yesterday, at home in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. He was ninety-two.
Mr. Colville got his start as a war painter, depicting Allied Forces throughout Europe. He turned to painting full-time in 1963.
In 1967, Mr. Colville was selected to design Canada's set of centennial coins. Thirty years later, he reflected on why he chose images of animals for the coins, with then-As it Happens host Mary Lou Finlay.
His comments were in response to an announcement by the Heritage Minister that Ottawa would unveil sculptures on Parliament Hill, devoted to Canadian heroes.
From our archives, here is part of that conversation.
Tom Smart is an art historian, a former curator, and the author of a biography, called Alex Colville: Return. We reached Mr. Smart in Kingston, Ontario.
DALET - ALEX COLVILLE OBIT
CH:Tom Smart is an art historian, former curator, and the author of a biography on Alex Colville. We reached Mr. Smart in Kingston, Ontario.
PG. 3 ALEX COLVILLE OBIT
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Nine months ago he became the head of one of Mexico's largest and most brutal drug cartels. Today, he's behind bars.
On Monday, Miguel Angel Treviño Morales was captured by Mexican Navy Marines near the U.S. border in Nuevo Laredo, the cartel's base of operations.
He became the head of the Zetas drug cartel in October of last year, when its previous leader was killed in an operation also carried out by Mexico's Marines.
Diana Washington Valdez is a reporter with the El Paso Times. We reached her in El Paso, Texas -- near the U.S. Mexican border.
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Victims of the so-called "Sixties Scoop" will get their day in court.
Between 1965 and 1985, an estimated sixteen thousand aboriginal children were taken from their homes and adopted by non-aboriginal familes in Ontario. Like the horrific cases of aboriginal children sent to residential schools, these adoptions are widely viewed as an attempt to "take the Indian" out of these aboriginal youth.
In 2011, the plaintiffs behind a class-action lawsuit against the federal government were told their case could not go forward. But yesterday, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice ruled that the suit can proceed to trial.
Chief Marcia Brown Martel is one of the people behind the lawsuit. She remembers the horror of being taken from her family ... and her methods of coping.
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Before the days when you could ask your phone what day it was, the tools for making sense of time were somewhat more ... rudimentary. But there's something about the simple ingenuity of technology from the past that puts the glamour of modern-day advances to shame.
Case in point - the recent discovery of the oldest calendar in the world. It's a formation that was found in a field in Scotland. It's more than four thousand years older than what was previously thought to be the oldest timepiece in the world.
Vincent Gaffney is a professor of Landscape Archaeology at the University of Birmingham. He led the team that made this discovery. We reached Professor Gaffney in Birmingham, England.
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The victims of Ireland's Magdalene laundries spent years working for Catholic institutions without being paid. And now those religious orders are again refusing the women compensation.
Earlier this year, a report detailed the harsh realities of the laundries. The Irish government has since announced plans to compensate the women and girls who were incarcerated at the laundries and used as slave labourers. But the four orders of Catholic nuns that ran the Magdalene laundries are now refusing to contribute to that compensation plan. The plan could cost Irish taxpayers up to fifty-eight million Euros.
Ireland's Justice Minister, Alan Shatter, offered his reaction to the news on RTE, Ireland's public broadcaster.
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Don Smith built things. Things like the Rogers Centre in Toronto; the National Gallery in Ottawa; and Canary Wharf in London, England. He also built bridges -- figurative ones -- and a solid reputation.
Don Smith, co-founder of the EllisDon construction company, died yesterday. He was 89.
He founded EllisDon in 1951. Its first project was a schoolhouse in London, Ontario. Now, EllisDon is the second-biggest construction company in Canada.
He was also well-known for his philanthropy, and for his devotion to the Liberal Party. In 2006, he appeared on "As It Happens" with his longtime friend Claude Pensa, just before the Liberal convention.