Uncle Sam wants you -- to be faster, higher, stronger. Injured American
vets will test their mettle at the military's new Warrior Games.
Hook, line and sushi. Canadian fisherman say their Atlantic bluefin
tuna catches are sustainable -- despite warnings that world stocks are
Justice delayed. A Montreal woman returns to Greece to attend the trial
of the man accused of raping her -- five years after her ordeal.
Farm futures. Some say Detroit is going to seed these days, but the
head of a company planning a large for-profit farm downtown says
Don't biodegrade, be happy. A grandmother in Colorado keeps a
McDonald's Happy Meal on the shelf for a year -- and it's yet to rot.
And . . . They can see clearly now, the HD has come. Scientists applaud
octopuses for their ability to see high-definition TV, but criticize
them for their quirkiness.
As It Happens, the Friday edition. Radio that, for one, appreciates a mollusk-ular personality.
They used to take to the battlefield. Now they're taking to the athletic field.
War vets make up a sizeable contingent of the athletes now competing
at the Paralympic Games in Vancouver. And their ranks are growing. By
the summer Paralympics in 2012, it's expected that one in seven American
team members will be a veteran.
In response, the American military has partnered with the U.S. Olympic
Committee to create the Warrior Games. Two hundred injured service
members will gather for the first competition in Colorado Springs in
Brigadier General Gary Cheek is the commander of the Warrior Transition Command. We reached him in Arlington, Virginia.
|MARCH OF THE ZAPOTEC/BEIRUT|
|POMPEII, POMP 001|
|ZACH CONDON|| - ||COMPOSER|
|BEIRUT || - ||POP GROUP|
|PERRIN CLOUTIER|| - ||ARRANGER|
|ZACH CONDON|| - ||ARRANGER|
|GRIFFIN RODRIGUEZ|| - ||ARRANGER|
|GRIFFIN RODRIGUEZ|| - ||PRODUCER|
The Allied bombing of Dresden in 1945 is an issue that still divides
many historians. And one of the main points of contention has always
been the body count.
This week, after five years of research, the Dresden Historians
Committee put the official total of the dead at twenty-five-thousand --
far less than often claimed by German far right groups.
Last night, we spoke to Professor Randall Hansen, the author of the
book Fire and Fury to get his reaction to the figure. It seems that
Professor Randall's comments divided many of you as well.
Gerry Broso from Gananoque, Ontario, left this message on Talkback.
We also got e-mail. Christina Craton, a high school teacher from Montreal, disagrees with Mr. Broso.
"My father was one of the Royal Canadian Air Force pilots who flew a
Lancaster in that bombing raid over the city. I have my mother's
scrapbook before me. She has a clipping from a newspaper of the time
with the headline, "Dresden Is Dead." She noted in the margin that my
father was on that raid and he said he saw a 'city on fire -- a horribly
I have always admired my father for that comment. It reveals his
humanity. He was horrified by the fire bombing of an entire city that
left tens of thousands dead. Yet, he also described the devastation as
wonderful because he truly believed such terror tactics would hasten the
end of the war.
My dear dad never recovered form the crippling emotional wounds he
suffered because of his participation in acts of terror. I am
discouraged that there are still individuals who attempt to soften the
deliberate, pre-meditated acts of terror carried out by both sides
during the war by playing with numbers. Dresden was an atrocity."
That e-mail was from Christina Craton of Montreal.
If you have any comments you'd like to add to the debate, please
contact call our Talkback line on 1-866-481-5718 or you can email us at
|WHY SHOULD THE FIRE DIE?/NICKEL CREEK|
|SUGAR HILL, SUG-CD-3990|
|GARY LOURIS|| - ||COMPOSER|
|CHRIS THILE|| - ||COMPOSER|
|TONY BERG|| - ||PRODUCER|
|NICKEL CREEK || - ||POP GROUP|
|ERIC VALENTINE|| - ||PRODUCER|
It was supposed to be a dream vacation. But, instead, Natalie
Karneef's trip to Greece changed her life in a way she could never have
imagined. While she was in Athens, the twenty-year-old Montrealer was
drugged and sexually assaulted.
Tonight, five years after her attack, she is flying back to Greece for
the trial of the man accused of attacking her. We reached Natalie
Karneef before she got on that flight in Montreal.
|WAIT FOR ME/MOBY|
|MOBY || - ||COMPOSER|
|MOBY || - ||PRODUCER|
Testimony at the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee this week over
whether to repeal the American military's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy
has been varied, to say the least.
On the one hand, we've heard General David Petraeus suggesting it's
time to reconsider banning openly-gay people from serving. And, on the
hand, there's General John Sheehan.
Yesterday, the former NATO Supreme Allied Commander shocked the
committee by suggesting that the inclusion of gays in the Dutch military
contributed to the Srebenica massacre in Bosnia, where some eight
thousand Muslim men and boys died.
Senator Carl Levin chaired that hearing. For the record, here's part of General Sheehan's testimony.
Well, I've got to tell you, the news is coming up now. But stick around. There's a lot more As It Happens to come:
Out of tune-ah. Conservationists say Canada's blue fin tuna fishery is unsustainable -- but Atlantic fishermen disagree.
Middle East dischord. Political activist Mustafa Barghouti says the
push for Palestinian statehood has reached a tipping point.
Tiger, tiger, burning out. Some of the world's few remaining Siberian
tigers perish in a Chinese zoo -- putting the species' future in peril.
Stay tuned. I'm CO.
And I'm GB.
Hello again, I'm CO.
And I'm GB. This is As It Happens, Part Two.
I'm just waiting for the man. And there's nothing wrong with that.
Talkback argues that waits for approval of new prescription drugs are
And . . . They may not have personality, but they've got tentacles.
Scientists discover that octopuses have great eyesight -- but zero
Those stories and more still to come on As It Happens.
"Steady as she goes." That's the course now set for international trade of Atlantic bluefin tuna.
A proposed ban on exports of the fish was soundly rejected by nations
attending a United Nations wildlife meeting in Doha, Qatar yesterday.
It's a decision that signals either blue skies ahead or looming
disaster, depending which side of the boat you're on.
Last night, As it Happens spoke with Charles Clover, the author of The
End of the Line: How Overfishing is Changing the World. He said Canada,
along with Japan, is leading the charge to support unsustainable
industry practices -- practices that have already resulted in the
depletion of stocks by as much as eighty percent.
But Ed Frenette says the issue is not as clear as it appears on the
surface. He's the executive director of the Prince Edward Island
Fisherman's Association. We reached him in Charlottetown.
|SPANISH WAITER/HOPKINS, MIKE|
|MIKE HOPKINS|| - ||COMPOSER|
|RYAN FAIRHEAD|| - ||PRODUCER|
|MIKE HOPKINS|| - ||GUITAR|
|MIKE HOPKINS|| - ||PRODUCER|
They say that laughter is the best medicine. But for the many
Canadians who rely on prescription drugs, health care is no laughing
Last night, Carol spoke to an analyst at the Fraser Institute about
the delays Canadians face to get access to new prescription drugs. Some
of our listeners found that interview a bitter pill to swallow.
Arthur Schafer from the University of Manitoba writes:
"Your guest from The Fraser Institute assumed, without argument, that
faster access for Canadians to the newest prescription drugs must be a
good thing. The opposite is closer to the truth. Newer drugs are always
much more expensive than those which have gone off-patent.
More importantly, their benefits are usually much exaggerated and
their harms seriously underestimated. Sensible doctors and patients will
prefer to use better-tested older drugs whose risk-benefit profile is
more accurately understood."
That note was from Arthur Schafer, an ethicist at the University of Manitoba.
Douglas Charabin sent this e-mail from somewhere out there in cyber space. He writes:
"What a surprise, the Fraser Institute wants prescription drug
validation and authorization to be privatized. So private drug companies
in Europe and the United States make new drugs, and their insurance
arms pressure the local governments to validate their usage. Canada,
according to the Fraserites, should then accept the validation sight
unseen, and allow private insurers to sell the drugs ASAP to maximize
Most new drugs are very limited in use and value. The long time it
takes Health Canada to evaluate them and provincial plans to pay for
them is a fail-safe we shouldn't ignore. Getting new drugs to the market
quickly is not the issue; getting them to the market safely is."
That's from Douglas Charabin. Thanks to everyone who called and wrote.
|PLACE BETWEEN PLACES/HAYDN, LILI|
|NETTWERK, 0 6700 30788 2 5|
|LILI HAYDN|| - ||COMPOSER|
|LILI HAYDN|| - ||VIOLIN|
|LILI HAYDN|| - ||VOCALS|
|ADAM MACDOUGALL|| - ||ORGAN|
|MANOSE || - ||FLUTE|
This week, As It Happens has been telling the story of a changing city.
Detroit has already gone through one transformation -- from a booming industrial town to one filled with empty lots.
Now Detroit is in the midst of a new change. The city's grassroots
community and its mayor want to see those vacant spaces turned into
farmland. But there's a third player in Detroit's new agricultural
playing field -- Hantz Farms.
Last night, we spoke to Malik Yakini, a local food security activist.
He's concerned about the company's plans to build a massive for-profit
farm in the city's downtown.
Michael Score is the president of Hantz Farms. We reached him in Detroit.
|GEOFF MULDAUR AND THE TEXAS SHEIKS|
|TRADITION & MODERNE, T&M 045|
|TRADITIONAL || - ||COMPOSER|
|BRUCE HUGHES|| - ||PRODUCER|
|GEOFF MULDAUR|| - ||PRODUCER|
|GEOFF MULDAUR|| - ||VOCALS|
|TEXAS SHEIKS || - ||FOLK GROUP|
This week, octopuses made me feel bad about myself.
I don't blame octopuses. It's not their fault they're so awesome. I
blame the scientists. Because they've been so wrapped up in achieving
this octopus breakthrough that they didn't stop to think of how the
breakthrough would make humans feel. And, speaking as a human, it makes
me feel bad.
Here's what scientists did. After years of trying to gauge octopus
behaviour by showing them videos, they finally got some proper
responses. And it was high-definition images that did the trick. That's
because octopus eyes are so sophisticated that old-style video images,
shown on cathode-ray technology, just didn't register. The octopuses
would just stare at the outdated videos, wondering why they were being
subjected to such incoherent, incomprehensible garbage. Sort of like how
some humans react when they watch "Heroes."
This discovery allowed the scientists to test the octopuses' responses
to images of crabs -- their prey -- and other octopuses -- their
potential rivals. The HD was so convincing that the octopuses reacted as
they would in the wild. Sometimes they would lunge at the crabs in the
images. Other times they wouldn't. Sometimes they would hide from the
images of other octopuses. Sometimes they wouldn't. And so the
scientists determined that octopuses have no personality.
These scientists are using the word "personality" to mean "consistency
in behaviour." And by this standard, the octopuses' inconsistent
behaviour means they have no personalities.
So these are the things that made me feel bad. First: I never knew
that these stupid human eyes were so unsophisticated. And second, like
most people, I kind of don't show much consistency in my behaviour.
Therefore, I guess I have no personality. Which is a drag, because I
thought that was my personality.
Oh well. Octopuses are just superior, I guess. At least we don't spray
ink all over the place when we get frazzled. Aw, nuts, my pen exploded.
|ELECTRIC BEATLES/HARNOY, OFRA|
|PRO ARTE, CDD 387|
|RINGO STARR|| - ||COMPOSER|
|ARMIN ELECTRIC STRINGS || - ||ENSEMBLE|
|OFRA HARNOY|| - ||CELLO|
It's been a troubling week in the Middle East.
Earlier today, militants in Gaza fired a rocket into Israel.
Yesterday, a Thai migrant worker was killed when a rocket landed in a
kibbutz. The attacks happened despite a Hamas-issued ban; an al-Qaida
splinter group has claimed responsibility for the latest volleys.
This is all against the backdrop of last week's announcement of a new
Israeli housing development in East Jerusalem, which is considered by
the United Nations -- and Canada -- to be illegal.
These events have raised the spectre of a new era of violence -- what some are calling the Third Intifada.
Much of what happens over the next several months will depend on the
internal politics of Gaza and the West Bank, and Palestinian efforts to
create a unified, responsible state that is in a position to be
Mustafa Barghouti is a former Palestinian Authority presidential
candidate and has been actively involved in Palestinain politics for
decades. We reached Dr. Barghouti in Ramallah, in the West Bank.
|JASON LINDNER: AB AETERNO|
|FRESH SOUND, FSWJ 033|
|JASON LINDNER|| - ||COMPOSER|
|OMER AVITAL|| - ||CONTRABASS|
|OMER AVITAL|| - ||UD|
|JASON LINDNER|| - ||PIANO|
|LUISITO QUINTERO|| - ||PERCUSSION|
According to the Chinese calendar, 2010 is the Year of the Tiger. The
orange-and-black-striped cats are admired for their strength and beauty
in Asia -- and they've been hunted almost to extinction for their hides
and body parts.
When it comes to Siberian tigers, there are only three hundred still
alive in the world. Fifty of them are in China. And eleven of them died
this year at the Shenyang Zoo in China. Most of the them starved to
death because they were fed nothing but chicken bones. Two others were
shot, after mauling a zoo keeper. The remaining three tigers at the zoo
are shedding fur and not eating.
The zoo has had financial problems for months, and there are rumors
that the tigers were killed so that their bones could be sold on the
black market for traditional Chinese medicines. Harvesting tiger bones
has been illegal in China since 1993, but the trade still continues to
And, it turns out, the tigers weren't the only victims of the zoo's
mistreatment. Twenty-six other animals, from fifteen different species,
have also died this year.
After the news broke, the zoo was forced to shut its doors. The
government has ordered an inquiry into the deaths. The local government
has sworn to protect the remaining animals and provide them with shelter
and sufficient food.
Conservationists say that, if this trend of destroying and hunting
tigers doesn't stop, then the Siberian tiger may be wiped out of
existence within a few years. So in another twelve years, when the Year
of the Tiger comes back around again, there may not be a Siberian tiger
left to celebrate.
|ONE DAY DEEP/PRAFUL|
|ROB GAASTERLAND|| - ||COMPOSER|
|PRAFUL || - ||COMPOSER|
|DANIEL TESTAS|| - ||COMPOSER|
|ROB GAASTERLAND|| - ||PRODUCER|
|PRAFUL || - ||PRODUCER|
|PRAFUL || - ||SAXOPHONE|
|DANIEL TESTAS|| - ||PRODUCER|
First it was about saving lives. Now it seems to be about saving face.
Earlier this week, the Conservative government said its G8 initiative
to improve maternal health would not provide women in developing
countries with access to birth control. That prompted criticism from
women's health advocates and from other G8 countries.
Prime Minister Stephen Harper now says he will not be "closing the door to any options," including contraception.
Dorothy Shaw is the Canadian representative to The Partnership for
Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, a group representing women and
children's heath at the upcoming G8 and G20 meetings. We reached Dr.
Shaw in Vancouver.
|DELHI 2 DUBLIN/DELHI 2 DUBLIN|
|S BART|| - ||LYRICIST|
|RAVI BINNING|| - ||COMPOSER|
|ANDREW KIM|| - ||COMPOSER|
|KYTAMI || - ||COMPOSER|
|TARUN NAYAR|| - ||COMPOSER|
|SANJAY SERAN|| - ||COMPOSER|
|ADHAM SHAIKH|| - ||COMPOSER|
|DELHI 2 DUBLIN || - ||POP GROUP|
|TARUN NAYAR|| - ||PRODUCER|
Sometimes it seems like the fastest way to a kid's heart is a McDonald's hamburger.
That's the message behind the restaurant's iconic menu item for children: the Happy Meal. It's fast! And it makes you happy!
Unless you hang on to it for, oh, a year or more. That's what Joann Bruso has done. She's the author of Baby Bites: Transforming a Picky Eater into a Healthy Eater.
We reached Ms. Bruso in Parker, Colorado.
|HAPPINESS LTD/HOT HOT HEAT|
|STEVE BAYS|| - ||COMPOSER|
|PAUL HAWLEY|| - ||COMPOSER|
|DUSTIN HAWTHORNE|| - ||COMPOSER|
|LUKE PAQUIN|| - ||COMPOSER|
|HOT HOT HEAT || - ||POP GROUP|
|HOT HOT HEAT || - ||PRODUCER|
|BUTCH WALKER|| - ||PRODUCER|