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March 16, 2010

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Helm and high water. Four years ago, the ferry "Queen of the North" capsized -- and today, the man responsible for steering the ship was charged.

Unhappy trailers to you. FEMA auctions off tens of thousands of formaldehyde-tainted trailers, dirt cheap -- and the response is toxic.

Explosive revelations. A new report on the Omagh bombing questions the investigation after the fact -- and the intelligence community's work beforehand.

Documenting a movement in black and white. Remembering Charles Moore, whose civil-rights-era photographs brought the struggle home to millions.

Save the Earth and spoil the child. A new study shows that, if you're environmentally friendly, you just might be more interpersonally unfriendly.

And...Professor Sandman, bring me a dream. Here's a class Scottish teenagers can pass with their eyes closed -- a crash course in how to sleep.

As It Happens, the Tuesday edition. Radio that assumes all the exams will be fill-in-the-blanket.


THE TIN WITHIN Duration: 00:00:23

Album:DA LATA: SONGS FROM THE TIN

Label:PALM PICTURES, PALMCD 2012-2

Persons/Roles:
CHRIS FRANCK - DESIGNER
OLI SAVILL - DESIGNER
DA LATA - ENS IN-V

INT OMAGH BOMBING INVESTIGATION Duration: 00:07:54

It has been nearly twelve years since the Omagh bombing in Northern Ireland -- and a lot of people are still waiting for answers.

1998 had been a year of hope and promise for the people of Northern Ireland. Many believed the signing of the Good Friday agreement had finally put the province on the path to peace. But on Saturday, August 15th of that year, the nation was shocked when the small town of Omagh suffered the deadliest bombing Northern Ireland had seen in more than thirty years. Twenty-nine people died in the Omagh blast, sparking outrage from all sides of the community.

Although the Real IRA claimed responsibility for the attack, no one has ever been convicted for the bombing. Today, a new report from the British government's Northern Ireland Affairs Committee questions the response of the security forces in tracking down those behind the bombings. It also asks whether a better flow of information may have even prevented the bombing from happening.

Michael Gallagher lost his son Aiden in the bombing. He spoke to the committee on behalf of the victim's relatives. We reached him in Omagh, Northern Ireland.


Fr££dom Duration: 00:00:18

Album:JAZZ BRAKES VOLUME 5/DJ FOOD

Label:NINJA TUNE

Persons/Roles:
MATT BLACK - COMPOSER
CARPENTER - COMPOSER
JONATHAN MORE - COMPOSER
COLDCUT - PERFORMER
PC - PERFORMER

INT SCOTTISH SLEEPING LESSONS Duration: 00:06:27

Anyone who has ever tried to wake up their sixteen-year-old for school would naturally assume there was one thing teenagers needed no help with: sleeping. But according to the Scottish charity "Sleep Scotland", teenagers are actually crying out for help. Or maybe yawning out for help.

"Sleep Scotland" claims that many teenagers are, in fact, sleep-deprived. And what's more, this lack of sleep is affecting their academic performance, increasing their risk of obesity and increasing their risk of depression. So, in an attempt to curb the problem, the charity has been giving teenagers a nod in the right direction: it has teamed up with schools in Glasgow to give students lessons in how to sleep.

Jane Ansell is the director of "Sleep Scotland". We reached her in Edinburgh.


MOVING CLOUD Duration: 00:00:16

Album:RHYME AND THE RIVER

Label:CUSTOM, SWCD 001

Persons/Roles:
TRAD - COMPOSER
SHARLENE WALLACE - HARP

COPY READING: PHILIP LARKIN TOADS Duration: 00:03:16

It's nice to imagine being celebrated after your death. Although one downside to such celebrations is that you won't be alive enough to enjoy them. And another is that your community might commemorate you by scattering giant fibreglass toads everywhere.

I wouldn't worry about that much, if I were you. Your municipal council isn't likely to go with the fibreglass-toad thing when you die. Communities only suggest fibreglass toads when they're a fitting tribute to the deceased. As in the case of the late British poet, Philip Larkin -- author of the poems "Toads" and "Toads Revisited".

This year is the twenty-fifth anniversary of Mr. Larkin's death. Because he spent thirty years as a librarian at the University of Hull, the city of Hull is holding a festival called "Larkin 25".

Celebrations will include theatrical performances inspired by Philip Larkin; musical performances reflecting the tastes of Philip Larkin; exhibits of Philip Larkin's photography; and giant toads.

Unless festival organizers can't afford the toads any more. Until yesterday, Hull City Council was committed to contributing more than three-hundred thousand dollars for dozens of the giant toad statues, which are to be placed throughout Hull for ten weeks this summer. But then the story of the toads started getting a lot of publicity -- and Hull Council's leader suddenly felt that giant toads were not a "suitable use" of council money.

Festival officials are confident they can still raise the money to get the toads built. Otherwise, they'll have to scale down. The whole kerfuffle would amuse Mr. Larkin. All this fuss over some manufactured amphibians -- all because of this bad-tempered poem. Here's As It Happens producer Ben Edwards, reading Philip Larkin's "Toads".


CLOSING

And on that poetic note, we'll take a short break so you can hear the news. But there's a lot more As It Happens to come -- including these stories:

Opportunity noxious. FEMA's got a lot of super-cheap trailers to sell -- only problem is, they're uninhabitable.

Downhill battle. The mayor of Revelstoke tells us what he plans to do, and what he plans not to do, after a deadly avalanche.

It's psychological -- full-stop. An expert who's studied the phenomenon of "sudden acceleration" says it's all in our heads -- and our misplaced feet.

Stay tuned. I'm CO.

And I'm GB.


RETURN BILLS Duration: 00:00:50

Hello again, I'm CO.

And I'm GB. This is As It Happens, Part Two.

Coming up:

We'll look back at the work of photographer Charles Moore -- who risked injury, and worse, to snap civil-rights-era abuses in the American South.

And new research shows that people who are devoted environmentalists may also be vicious recyclers.

Those stories are still to come on As It Happens.


INT FOR SALE: FEMA TRAILERS Duration: 00:08:55

For sale. Cheap.

More than a hundred thousand trailers used by FEMA -- the Federal Emergency Management Agency of the U.S. government -- are on the auction block. You'll remember those FEMA trailers. They were used as temporary homes for the victims of Hurricane Katrina. and later found to be toxic. Now, critics are worried for the people who snap up the used trailers.. and concerned about what they'll be used for.

Becky Gillette is the formaldehyde campaign director for the environmental organization, the Sierra Club. We reached her in Eureka Springs, Arkansas.


SALON DE MUSIQUE Duration: 00:00:15

Album:FILMOTHEQUE/LEMONGRASS

Label:LEMONGRASS MUSIC

Persons/Roles:
ROLAND VOSS - COMPOSER
LEMONGRASS - PERFORMER

INT OBIT: CIVIL RIGHTS PHOTOGRAPHER Duration: 00:09:55

You may not know his name, but you have seen his work.

Charles Moore's poignant and powerful black-and-white photographs documenting the civil rights struggle in the American South of the 'fifties and 'sixties became iconic. Those images of black men and women being abused, assaulted, and arrested -- published in Life Magazine -- captured the tensions of the era, and made everyone a witness to the struggle they depicted.

On March 11th, Charles Moore died in Florida, at the age of seventy-nine.

John Kaplan, an award-winning photographer himself, was a longtime friend of Charles Moore. We reached Mr. Kaplan at his office in Gainesville, at the University of Florida, where he is a professor.


THIS MAY BE THE LAST TIME Duration: 00:02:30

Album:OH LORD, STAND BY ME/MARCHING UP TO ZION/BLIND BOYS OF ALABAMA

Label:SPECIALTY, SPCD-7203-2

Persons/Roles:
CLARENCE FOUNTAIN - ORIGINATOR
GEORGE SCOTT - ORIGINATOR
TRADITIONAL - COMPOSER
BLIND BOYS OF ALABAMA - VOCAL ENSEMBLE
FIVE BLIND BOYS - VOCAL ENSEMBLE
FIVE BLIND BOYS OF ALABAMA - VOCAL ENSEMBLE
BARRET HANSEN - COMPILER
ART RUPE - PRODUCER

EL CIRCOLO POLAR Duration: 00:00:47

Album:FILMOTHEQUE/LEMONGRASS

Label:LEMONGRASS MUSIC

Persons/Roles:
ROLAND VOSS - COMPOSER
LEMONGRASS - PERFORMER

INT AVALANCHE: MAYOR Duration: 00:06:55

On Saturday afternoon, about two hundred people gathered on Revelstoke's Boulder Mountain to watch the annual Big Iron Shootout -- an "extreme" snowmobile event. Suddenly, an avalanche swept down the mountain. And while a swift rescue response saved most of the people caught in the avalanche, two people were killed.

In the investigation following the tragedy, questions are being raised about why numerous avalanche warnings were ignored. B.C.'s Public Safety Minister and Solicitor General Kash Heed announced Monday that the government is looking into a number of new regulations for snowmobilers. But he also said that believes that government action alone will not prevent fatalities.

David Raven has his own opinions about government intervention. He's the mayor of Revelstoke, B.C.


JUST PASSING THROUGH Duration: 00:00:18

Album:ROLL ON/FOUR80EAST

Label:NATIVE LANGUAGE, NLM-0975-2

Persons/Roles:
ROB DEBOER - COMPOSER
TONY GRACE - COMPOSER
ROB DEBOER - PRODUCER
FOUR80EAST - POP GROUP
TONY GRACE - PRODUCER

INT BRAKES PSYCHOLOGY Duration: 00:06:42

It was another day, another mea culpa for Toyota.

Today on Parliament Hill, the car company's North American head, Yoshi Inaba, extended Toyota's apologies to Canadian customers for the problems that lead to a massive recall.

That problem is called "sudden acceleration." Drivers describe the gas pedal sticking, making it impossible for them to stop their cars. Toyota has been trying for months to find the cause.

But one expert thinks that drivers, not car parts, might be at fault. Richard Schmidt is a psychologist who studied reports of "sudden acceleration" in the nineteen-eighties. We reached him at the University of California, Los Angeles.


FACE THE FUTURE Duration: 00:00:18

Album:WOLF MYER ORCHESTRA/FEMME FATALE

Label:ETAGE

Persons/Roles:
MARCUS FUREDER - COMPOSER
GABRIELLA HANNINEN - COMPOSER
WOLF MYER - COMPOSER
WOLF MYER ORCHESTRA - JAZZ GROUP

INT BEOTHUK GRAVEYARD Duration: 00:07:08

History is often buried so well, you couldn't find it if you tried. I mean that both metaphorically and literally.

Here's what I mean: for more than a century, most Newfoundlanders believed that Shawnadithit, the last known Beothuk Indian, was buried in a church graveyard. But now, the truth has been uncovered -- metaphorically speaking. An archaeological consulting firm has determined the location of the graveyard where Shawnadithit is very likely buried. Literally.

Bob Cuff is a historian with the firm. We reached him in St. John's, Newfoundland.


G-22 Duration: 00:00:15

Album:EDGAR MEYER & CHRIS THILE/EDGAR MEYER & CHRIS THILE

Label:NONESUCH

Persons/Roles:
EDGAR MEYER - COMPOSER
CHRIS THILE - COMPOSER
EDGAR MEYER - DOUBLE BASS
CHRIS THILE - MANDOLIN

INT MEAN GREEN PEOPLE Duration: 00:06:35

It's not easy being green.

That saying doesn't just apply to famous felt frogs. It goes for people too. New research shows that buying environmentally-friendly products doesn't necessarily have the kind the psychological effect you'd think.

Nina Mazar is the co-author of the study, published in the latest edition of the journal Psychological Science. She's a marketing professor at the University of Toronto and she's currently a visiting scholar at New York University. We reached her there.



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