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February 24, 2010

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Raising the issue of a razed community. The city of Halifax apologizes for bulldozing Africville -- an apology many have awaited for nearly half a century.

Dearly deported. Another delayed apology -- this time, from the British government to tens of thousands of so-called "home children".

The sins of the sons are visited upon the father. Two young men are charged for the cross-burning in Nova Scotia -- and their father is in shock.

Operating at a loss. The case of a doctor who performed two unnecessary mastectomies may reveal systemic problems in our hospitals.

We'd like to offer a plug to Zanzibar. But since the African country has been without power for two months, it really wouldn't do much good.

And...it's hardly a first-come, first-surfed situation. But at long last, Tofino, British Columbia is named the surf capital of the continent -- leaving Americans crest-fallen.

As It Happens, the Wednesday edition. Radio that expects some cross-border cross boarders.


AFRICVILLE RECONCILIATION Duration: 00:11:46

That's the Mayor of Halifax Peter Kelly, speaking today. He was at a ceremony in Halifax, apologizing to former residents of Africville and their descendents -- and asking for forgiveness.

In the nineteen-sixties, four hundred or so of those residents had their homes bulldozed, in that community on the outskirts of Halifax. After they packed all of their belongings, the city relocated them, in dumptrucks.

The lives of the people of Africville would be forever changed -- and their community replaced by the A. Murray MacKay bridge, suspended high above their former home.

As part of the city's apology, the council has also voted on a multimillion dollar compensation package -- something Irvine Carvery has been fighting for for years. Mr. Carvery is a former resident of Africville, and the President of the Africville Geneaology Society. Irvine Carvery spoke with Carol shortly after today's ceremony.


CROSS BURNING DAD Duration: 00:03:55

Since our interview about the cross- burning in Hants County, Nova Scotia -- which you just heard about -- charges have been laid. Two brothers were in court today, charged with public incitement of hatred, mischief and uttering threats. Their father had just learned about the charges when we reached him earlier today.

A warning to listeners, there is strong language in this interview.

Granville Rehberg is in Halifax.


ARE YOU STILL IN VALIDA Duration: 00:00:25

Album:NO. 2/JJ

Label:SINCERELY YOURS

Persons/Roles:
JJ - COMPOSER
JJ - POP GROUP

GOOGLE ITALY CONVICTION Duration: 00:06:59

It's a precedent that has freedom-of-speech advocates terrified. Today, three Google executives were convicted in Italy of breaking privacy laws, by allowing a movie of students bullying an autistic child to be posted on the Google Video website. Even though the offending video was taken down immediately after police asked Google to remove it.

The case has some wondering just how responsible companies like Google and Facebook should be for content that is publicly posted on their sites.

Jeff Jarvis is one of those people. He's a prominent internet-rights blogger, a journalism professor at City University of New York, and the author of What Would Google Do? -- a book about Google's business model and the future of the Internet. We reached him in Sun City Center, Florida.


CLOSING WEDNESDAY Duration: 00:00:50

Well, CBC Sports Update from Vancouver is next on CBC Radio. And then you'll hear a CBC News update. And then -- more As It Happens. When we return:

An ounce of prevention. After a Windsor, Ontario, doctor performs two unnecessary mastectomies, some people see malpractice -- and some see a system-wide problem.

Wings of desire. Fragmenting forests are causing songbirds to evolve quickly -- changing their wings so they can start a long-distance relationship.

That one with the Tribbles...oh, I'm done. But one "Star Trek" fan has remained unphasered, while listing every single episode of the original series in record time.

Stay tuned. I'm CO.

And I'm BB.


RETURN WEDNESDAY Duration: 00:01:01

Hello again, I'm CO.

And I'm BB. This is As It Happens, Part Two.

Coming up:

We'll talk to Elsie Hathaway -- a ninety-four-year-old "home child" -- about the British government's long-awaited apology.

And with an investment of six-thousand-ish dollars, you could terrify your family by playing the "Doctor Who" theme in your own living room.

Those stories are still to come on As It Happens.


DR HUMAN ERRORS Duration: 00:08:33

They were grievous errors certainly, but they may also be egregious.

Last week, the Hotel-Dieu Grace Hospital in Windsor, Ontario, apologized, after discovering that one of its surgeons had mistakenly performed a mastectomy on a patient who didn't need the operation. Hospital officials said that it was the only mistake of that type Dr. Barbara Heartwell had ever made. But today, a second woman came forward, saying that she also had a breast unneccessarily removed by Dr. Heartwell, in 2001. The hospital, which is now reviewing Dr. Heartwell's surgical record, announced today that there are other "cases of concern."

The discomforting question is how these kinds of errors can happen -- and what can be done to prevent them. Dr. Mark Fleming is a medical errors specialist at St. Mary's University in Halifax. We reached him at his home.


ANTHEM WITHOUT NATION Duration: 00:00:19

Album:BEYOND SKIN/NITIN SAWHNEY

Label:OUTCASTE RECORDINGS

Persons/Roles:
NITIN SAHWNEY - COMPOSER
DEVINDER SINGH - COMPOSER
NITIN SAHWNEY - PROGRAMMER
STEVE SHEHAN - PERCUSSION
DEVINDER SINGH - VOCALS

FTR: ROCHETTE STREETER Duration: 00:01:59

It was an Olympic competition in which nobody was thinking about medals.

Canadian Joannie Rochette competed in the women's figure-skating short program last night -- just days after the death of her mother, Thérèse Rochette. She died of a sudden heart attack shortly after arriving in Vancouver to watch her daughter compete.

Joannie Rochette skated her program flawlessly, then broke down in tears after she finished. The crowd gave her a standing ovation as she skated off the ice into the arms of her coach.

The impact of the event was felt far outside the Pacific Coliseum. The CBC's Stephanie Mercier spoke with some people in Vancouver, shortly after they watched the performance.


PALE DRESS Duration: 00:00:31

Album:BETWEEN LAST NIGHT AND US/AUDREYS

Label:TRUE NORTH, TND 451

Persons/Roles:
DANIKA COATES - COMPOSER
TAASHA COATES - COMPOSER
TRISTAN GOODALL - COMPOSER
AUDREYS - POP GROUP
AUDREYS - PRODUCER
SHANE O'MARA - PRODUCER

FOA: ELSIE HATHAWAY Duration: 00:01:54

It was a day of belated contrition.

Earlier in the show, we heard about Halifax mayor Peter Kelly apologizing for the razing of the black community of Africville in the nineteen-sixties. Well, across the pond today, the British government finally offered a "full and unconditional apology" to the one-hundred-and-thirty thousand so-called "home children" sent abroad, under the country's Child Migrant program. Many of those children were separated from their families, and suffered years of abuse.

Last November, when Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd apologized for his country's role in the program, guest host Derek Stoffel spoke with Elsie Hathaway. Ms. Hathaway was sent to Canada in 1922, where she worked in the homes of various families. Here's part of that conversation, from our archives.


HOME CHILDREN APOLOGY FOLLO Duration: 00:05:45

To hear her reaction to today's news, we reached the ninety-four-year-old Ms. Hathaway in Plaster Rock, New Brunswick.


END THEME Duration: 00:00:35

Album:ZERO 7: SIMPLE THINGS

Label:PALM PICTURES, QMG 5007-2

Persons/Roles:
DARYL RUNSWICK - COMPOSER
ZERO 7 - ENS INSTR

SC: TOFINO SURF TOWN Duration: 00:01:42

Since fewer Canadians than expected seem to be owning the podium, it might be time for more of us to consider owning a surfboard. And we don't even have to leave the country.

Outside Magazine -- a magazine devoted to outdoorsiness -- has named the village of Tofino, British Columbia the continent's surfing capital. As the magazine puts it, "The best surf town in North America is in Canada. Who knew?'

Well, among many others, Peter Devries knew. Last fall, the Tofino resident beat out a hundred-and-forty international competitors to win the O'Neill Cold Water Classic in front of his hometown fans. It was the first time a professional surfing competition was held in Canada -- and Mr. Devries became the first Canadian to win a professional surfing event.

Since then, the popularity of Tofino as a Canadian surfing destination has snowballed. According to a Tofino tourism website the growth of surf culture there can be attributed to a number of essential factors, including: surfing is fun; surfing is cool, and everyone looks better in a wetsuit. To which we respond: who knew? Besides Stockwell Day.

Whatever the reasons, we are thrilled that Tofino B.C. is riding the wave of surfing. Once the current influx of tourists are through watching Olympic officials hanging medals on athletes, we strongly encourage them to stop by Tofino and try hanging ten. After some lessons and a wetsuit-fitting that is. We are also thrilled to have an excuse to play some surfing music. Here's Dick Dale with "Miserlou".


PTSD & SOLDIERS KILLING Duration: 00:06:09

War may be hell -- but that hell doesn't cease once soldiers are off the battlefield.

Modern militaries are starting to recognize the profound psychological consequences soldiers deal with as result of waging war -- severe anxiety, profound mood swings, crippling depression and suicide. There's an assumption those most at risk of post-traumatic stress are those who endured the trauma. But a new study suggests that's not the case.

Shira Maguen is a psychologist with the San Francisco V.A. Centre, and the study's lead author.


MISERLOU Duration: 00:00:35

Album:ROCK INSTRUMENTAL CLASSICS, VOL. 5: SURF

Label:RHINO, R2 71605

Persons/Roles:
MILTON LEEDS - COMPOSER
NICHOLAS ROUBANIS - COMPOSER
FRED WISE - COMPOSER
JAMES AUSTIN - COMPILER
DICK DALE AND HIS DEL-TONES - POP GROUP
DAVID MCLEES - COMPILER
GARY STEWART - COMPILER

ZANZIBAR BLACKOUT Duration: 00:05:57

The allure of of Zanzibar in Africa is clear. The tropical island nation boasts powder-white beaches, tranquil blue waters and the dazzling beautty of the ancient city of Stone Town - a world heritage site. These idyllic scenes, and the delicious local cuisine, have long made Zanzibar a popular destination for tourists.

But before you rush out to book your trip, just a warning: take some batteries with you. Or even a small generator, if you think you can get it past security. Zanzibar has been without power since December 10th.

Frederica Boswell is a freelance journalist based in Zanzibar.


HAPPY AT SAD THINGS Duration: 00:00:28

Album:PATH/TORONTO JAZZ ORCHESTRA

Label:CUSTOM, TJO003

Persons/Roles:
ERIK PATTERSON - COMPOSER
TORONTO JAZZ ORCHESTRA - JAZZ GROUP

FTR STAR TREK RECORD Duration: 00:03:15

There are sci-fi geeks and there are sci-fi geeks. And then...there are real sci-fi geeks.

I'm not using that term pejoratively. It's a rare fan of science fiction -- or "speculative fiction" as a lot of people prefer -- who doesn't self-identify as a "geek". These are people who are already working on translating their wedding vows into Na'vi. People who are still putting together petitions to get "Dollhouse" back on the air. And if you have no idea what I'm talking about, well, I guess it's all geek to you. Incidentally, that joke was first made decades ago, by a geek.

Of course, there's one science fiction universe that requires all geeks to boldly go where all geeks have gone before: "Star Trek". It's a mammoth universe, consisting of the four different series, and eleven films. Although nothing has really supplanted the original show -- featuring William Shatner as Captain Kirk.

Which is why Mack Elder decided to memorize the names of every one of the seventy-nine original episodes -- and set a world speed record for listing them, in order. He accomplished that earlier this month, at Joe's Pub in New York. And it sounded like this.


CHAZZ Duration: 00:00:06

Album:PATH/TORONTO JAZZ ORCHESTRA

Label:CUSTOM, TJO003

Persons/Roles:
JOSH GROSSMAN - COMPOSER
TORONTO JAZZ ORCHESTRA - JAZZ GROUP

SONGBIRD EVOLUTION Duration: 00:06:40

When your neighbourhood changes, you have to adapt. And if your neighbourhood is the woodlands of eastern North America, and you happen to be a songbird, you'd better change your wings. Or at least, hope that you inherited longer, pointier wings.

André Desrochers is a Professor of Woodland Science at l'Université Laval. He's been studying a variety of songbirds in the boreal forest. We reached him at l'Université Laval, in Québec City.


SC: DOCTOR WHO THEME MACHINE Duration: 00:01:46

It is one the most iconic themes in television history; for decades, millions of children around the world have run to hide behind couches as it came on, signalling another episode of "Doctor Who".

The British science-fiction drama about the time-travelling man who simply goes by the title, 'Doctor', has been on since 1963, making it the longest-running, and most-viewed, science-fiction series of all time.

But for many, the experience of watching the Doctor began with the theme, which was initially made using only found sounds -- which were then recorded onto tapes, which were stretched and warped to created the eerie noises, in a basement room in London called the BBC Radiophonic Workshop.

But in the 'Seventies, a device called the synthesizer came along, and made recording the theme considerably easier.

And now, thanks to eBay, you can own that machine, and make variations on that theme at home to your double-heart's content.

However, it's not the synthesizer you've come to imagine: the synthesizer used to make the theme from "Doctor Who" is a big wooden box that opens up, revealing lots of knobs and levers and dials -- just like the Doctor's famous TARDIS. Except, of course, that it's the same size on the inside as it is on the outside.

So if you have six thousand dollars to spare -- at least as the bidding stood today -- it might just be yours.

Assuming you have the time and space for it.


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