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Friday: Obama on NSA, Ohio execution drug, East German postcard, and more...

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Tonight:

Too much knowledge is also a dangerous thing. President Obama announces new limits on the National Security Agency's surveillance powers -- but our guest believes the president is going too far to prevent the NSA from going too far.

She couldn't fly -- but eventually, her arguments did. For nine years, a Malaysian student fought to get her name taken off the American no-fly list -- and now, she's finally won.

Bad plan, horrific execution. A convicted murderer in Ohio is executed using a new combination of drugs -- and according to his family, his drawn-out death was pure torture.

Going against the flow. The people of northeastern Newfoundland are growing increasingly frustrated and concerned about oil leaking from a ship that sank off the Change Islands twenty-eight years ago.

He won for his trailblazing research on how certain protein regulators control the synthesis of...he won! McGill biochemistry professor Nahum Sonenberg explains the research that garnered him one of the world's top scientific honours.

And...I hope the prize wasn't milk. In 1969, an East German man entered a West German radio contest  -- and now, forty-four years later, he'll receive the reward his eighteen-year-old self so badly wanted.

As It Happens, the Friday edition. Radio that knows: to the victor goes the probably spoiled.


Show:AS_IT_HAPPENS
Date:2014/01/17
Time:17:30:01

PART ONE


CLIP: OBAMA ON NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY (NSA) Duration: 00:01:13

It was a long-anticipated -- and long overdue -- speech by the U.S. President.

Today, Barack Obama promised to pull back some of the powers of the National Security Agency, or NSA.

Ever since roughly 1.7 million classified files were revealed by NSA leaker Edward Snowden, a debate over the power of the NSA has gripped people across the United States.

President Obama spoke today from the Justice Department in Washington, DC. Here's part of what he said, for the record:


OBAMA ON NSA Duration: 00:06:20

Frank Gaffney is among those who would have liked to have heard a different speech from the President today. He and more than a dozen other former intelligence and military officials wrote to the White House in defense of the NSA.

Frank Gaffney was the Deputy Secretary of Defence during Ronald Reagan's administration. We reached him in Washington, D.C.


VANCOUVER DIVORCE Duration: 00:00:30
Album:COKE MACHINE GLOW/DOWNIE, GORDON
Label:WIENER ART, 7697422112
Persons/Roles:
GORDON DOWNIE - COMPOSER
GORDON DOWNIE - VOCALS

OHIO EXECUTION DRUG Duration: 00:07:08

In the 25 minutes it took for convicted murderer Dennis McGuire to die, witnesses say he suffered visibly.

Mr. McGuire was put to death yesterday by Ohio state prison authorities, for the 1989 rape and fatal stabbing of a pregnant woman, Joy Stewart. His execution was the first time anyone in the U.S. has been executed using a combination of two drugs: midazolam and hydromorphone.

His family members who witnessed yesterday's execution say it was an agonizing and failed experiment. And they now want to sue the State of Ohio.

The family's lawyer is Jon Paul Rion. We reached Mr. Rion in Dayton.


EFFIGY Duration: 00:00:31
Album:ANDREW BIRD: NOBLE BEAST
Label:FAT POSSUM, FP1124-2
Persons/Roles:
ANDREW BIRD - COMPOSER
ANDREW BIRD - WRITER
ANDREW BIRD - SINGING

MCGILL PROFESSOR AWARD Duration: 00:06:10

Think of it as a qualifying round for the Nobel Prize.

In fact, a third of all the winners of Israel's prestigious Wolf Prize go on to win Nobels. And -- as was just announced -- among this year's Wolf Prize winners is a Canadian scientist.

Nahum Sonenberg is a McGill University biochemist. His research into protein synthesis is offering new insights into how diseases like cancer and HIV function. We reached Dr. Sonenberg in Montreal.


BLACK BLIZZARD/RED UMBRELLA Duration: 00:00:17
Album:HELLO, AVALANCHE/OCTOPUS PROJECT
Label:PEEK-A-BOO
Persons/Roles:
JOSH LAMBERT - COMPOSER
YVONNE LAMBERT - COMPOSER
TOTO MIRANDA - COMPOSER
RYAN HADLOCK - PRODUCER
JOSH LAMBERT - PRODUCER
YVONNE LAMBERT - PRODUCER
TOTO MIRANDA - PRODUCER
OCTOPUS PROJECT - POP GROUP

SCRIPT: SPACE JUNK NET Duration: 00:02:01

I don't know what kind of aptitude test you have to take to get into the Japanese space program. But I imagine one of the questions goes something like this:

"You take the cover off your swimming pool and are horrified to see it's full of empty pop cans, plastic bags, and punctured inflatables. But your pool skimmer is at the mechanic. What do you do?"

And the successful applicant is the one who answers, "Use a badminton net, of course."

That's not really a Q and A about removing junk from a pool. By analogy, it's a Q and A about removing junk from space. And Japan's answer is nearly as simple as using a badminton net. The only tweak is that the space net will be half as tall as a badminton net -- and 50 times as long. And magnetic.

It's surprising, given how clean humans have kept the Earth, but space is just a dump right now. It's estimated that humans have dropped about a hundred million pieces of garbage out of the windows of shuttles. And there are concerns that if some of that junk crashes into other junk, the domino effect could knock out global communications. Or that, if the wrong piece of junk hits the International Space Station, Sandra Bullock's life could be at risk.

So here's Japan's plan: send a satellite up; unspool a 300-metre-long, 30-centimetre-high magnetized metal net; and just sit back and watch it attract floating metal debris.

To create the net, Japan's space agency is working with a fishing net company. The current plan is to fire the net into space in 2019. After a year, the net and the junk it catches will burn up on re-entry. It's a net gain -- followed by a net loss. And it may prove that to clean up a fine mess, you need an equally fine mesh.

Now, here's a song by the Juno Award-winning band Monkeyjunk, written from the point of view of space. It's called "You Make A Mess".


PART TWO


CURRIED SOUL 2.0 Duration: 00:00:51
Album:CURRIED SOUL 2.0 (SINGLE)/SOCALLED
Label:CUSTOM
Persons/Roles:
MOE KOFFMAN - COMPOSER
MOE KOFFMAN - SAMPLED PERFORMER
SOCALLED - INSTRUMENTALS
SOCALLED - REMIXER

WATCH LIST STUDENT Duration: 00:07:18

It's a first. But it took a long time to get there.

Back in 2005, Rahinah Ibrahim's studies at Stanford University were cut abruptly short. A bureaucratic mistake had put the Malaysian civil engineering doctoral student on the U.S. government's no-fly list -- a list of people not allowed to board a commercial flight in or out of the States, because they are deemed a threat to national security. And as a result, her visa was revoked and she was deported.

Now -- nine years, hundreds of court hours and millions of dollars of legal costs later -- Rahinah Ibrahim has become the first person to successfully challenge the U.S. government over the no-fly list. This week, a judge has ordered her name removed.

Elizabeth Pipkin is the lawyer who represented Ms Ibrahim. We reached her in San Jose.


SAPPHIRE Duration: 00:00:42
Album:THE NORTH BORDERS
Label:NINJA TUNE, 000042
Persons/Roles:
BONOBO - COMPOSER
BONOBO - DJ PRODUCER
BONOBO - PRODUCER

NEWFOUNDLAND LEAKING TANKER Duration: 00:06:24

The ship is called the Manolis L., but for people living in northeastern Newfoundland a more apt name might be the Manolis hell.

In 1985, the ship went down off the Change Islands, carrying newsprint, and with more than four hundred tonnes of fuel on board. After a storm last spring, the carrier shifted and oil started to leak to the surface. The leaks were made worse by storms in December.

Since then, seals, Eider ducks and other sea birds have been found covered in oil. Some have died. And local residents want to know what will be done to stop the leak.

A public meeting was held last night in Twillingate. David Boyd is a fisherman and also owner of the Prime Berth Twillingate Fishery & Heritage Centre. We reached him today in St. John's.


CREATURES GREAT & SMALL Duration: 00:00:35
Album:AIDAN KNIGHT: SMALL REVEAL
Label:OUTSIDE
Persons/Roles:
DAVID BARRY - COMPOSER
OLIVER CLEMENTS - COMPOSER
AIDAN KNIGHT - COMPOSER
AIDAN KNIGHT - WRITER
COLIN NEALIS - COMPOSER
JULIA WAKAL - COMPOSER
AIDAN KNIGHT - ENS IN-V

EAST GERMAN POSTCARD Duration: 00:06:35

Gunter Zettl is finally a winner.

It was 1969 and the teenaged Gunter was living in East Germany. A lover of pop music, he entered a contest held by a radio station in West Germany, by mailing a postcard.

This week, the radio station that held the contest, Europawelle Saar, gave Gunter Zettl the prize he had hoped to win 45 years ago.

Axel Buchholz is the former editor-in-chief at that radio station. He arranged to award Mr. Zettl the prize. We reached Mr. Buchholz in Saarbrucken, Germany.


MAYBE SOMEDAY Duration: 00:00:46
Album:LA NOTTE/BIRD
Label:LOST METROPOLIS
Persons/Roles:
BIRD - COMPOSER
BOOK - COMPOSER
BIRD - INSTRUMENTALS
BIRD - PRODUCER
BIRD - VOCALS
BOOK - PRODUCER

PART THREE


UKRAINE JOURNALIST/MP Duration: 00:07:45

Ukraine's government has had it with protesters, but Tetyana Chornovol isn't about to be silenced.

The activist and opposition journalist was brutally beaten shortly before Christmas, adding fuel to a protest movement that has been out in the streets for nearly two months now.

Yesterday, the parliament parliament passed sweeping measures to restrict its critics. Blocking a public building could now result in five years in prison. Online slander could result in a year of hard labour.

Ms. Chornovol is continuing her recovery at home, outside Kiev. That's where we reached her. And Richard Hareychuck, a Ukrainian Canadian and supporter, is there as well to help her tell her story.


WAY TO THERE Duration: 00:00:18
Album:BIRD OF MUSIC/AU REVOIR SIMONE
Label:CUSTOM
Persons/Roles:
HEATHER D'ANGELO - COMPOSER
ERIKA FORSTER - COMPOSER
ANNIE HART - COMPOSER
AU REVOIR SIMONE - POP GROUP
ROD SHERWOOD - PRODUCER

FROM OUR ARCHIVES: OBIT JAPANESE LIEUTENANT Duration: 00:05:13

Hiroo Onoda was left with two orders: stay alive, and don't surrender. And he followed them. For a very long time.

The Japanese lieutenant who held out for nearly 30 years after the Second World War in the jungles of the Philippines has died. He was 91.

As the war drew to an end, Lieutenant Onoda's outpost was cut off by American soldiers. It wasn't until 1974, when his former commanding officer was sent to the Philippines to rescind his original order, that he emerged from the jungle and agreed to surrender.

Less than a year after discovering that he was no longer at war with America, Lieutenant Onoda completed a book about his 30-year ordeal and went on tour in the United States.

From our archives, here is former As it Happens host Barbara Frum interviewing Hiroo Onoda and his translator, Charles Terry, in New York. This January 15th, 1975.


KOJO NO TSUKI Duration: 00:00:23
Album:JAPANESE MELODIES/MA, YO-YO
Label:CBS, FM 39703
Persons/Roles:
BENTATO TAKI - COMPOSER
BANSUI TSUCHII - AUTHOR
TETSURI KANEKO - PRODUCER
YO-YO MA - CELLO
MICHIO MAMIYA - CONDUCTOR
PRO MUSICA NIPPONIA - ENSEMBLE
PATRICIA ZANDER - HARPSICHORD

CYPRUS HOTELS LAND Duration: 00:07:19

Beautiful beaches, white sands and an array of hotels with Mediterranean views to die for: the resort town of Varosha in Cyprus has everything.

But there is one drawback. If you try to enter it, you stand a good chance of being arrested and detained by the Turkish military.

Cyprus's inter-ethnic violence has turned the once thriving resort into a ghost town. But now a new project hopes to reverse Varosha's fortunes -- and turn it into a beacon of hope for the long-divided Mediterranean island.

Ceren Bogac is the co-founder of the Famagusta Ecocity Project. We reached her in Famagusta, Cyprus.


RULES TO LIVE BY Duration: 00:03:21
Album:FIRE AND FUSS
Label:DEMO
Persons/Roles:
ERIN COSTELO - COMPOSER
ERIN COSTELO - ACCORDION
ERIN COSTELO - PIANO
ERIN COSTELO - VOCALS
ANDREW GLENCROSS - KEYBOARDS
LUCAS PEARSE - BASS
ALIX PORTER - DRUMS
BENN ROSS - PERCUSSION
PHIL SEDORE - GUITAR

TAPE: BOOK CITY CLOSING Duration: 00:03:14

The final chapter is being written for yet another independent book store.

Last night, the owners of Book City in Toronto announced that they'll be closing their Annex location this spring. Book City has been on Bloor Street for nearly four decades, and for many in the neighbourhood, the shop's closure is a huge loss.

Frans Donker opened the store with his wife in 1976. And earlier today on CBC Toronto's morning program, he talked about the decision to shut down the shop with Metro Morning host Matt Galloway.


BOHEMIAN RHAPSODY Duration: 00:00:13
Album:JAKE SHIMABUKURO: PEACE LOVE UKULELE
Label:HITCHHIKE, HRCD-1112
Persons/Roles:
FREDDIE MERCURY - COMPOSER
FREDDIE MERCURY - WRITER
JAKE SHIMABUKURO - UKULELE

SCRIPT: JUDAS PRIEST NOT DEATH METAL Duration: 00:02:20

If you're a listener with sensitive ears, I apologize in advance. But this next story requires me to make a distinction -- one that I'm afraid I must literally beat into your skull.

OK listen carefully, because we only want to go through this once:

That, friends, is an example of death metal. All right, technically, it's a subgenre of death metal known as deathcore -- but I think you get the point.

Contrast that now with this next clip, by Judas Priest -- a big, big name in heavy metal -- a distinct genre from death metal. Have a listen:

That's Judas Priest, with one of their hits "Beyond the Realms of Death". A heavy metal song about death, but not a death metal song.

If it seems like a trivial distinction, it is not. Not for fans of Judas Priest, who were incensed by a recent episode of The Simpsons, which suggested Judas Priest was a death metal band.

Michael Nelson, managing editor of the online music news site Stereogum, spoke for Priest lovers everywhere when he wrote, quote:

"Not only do Judas Priest pre-date death metal by a solid decade, they sound absolutely nothing like any bands in that entire genre. Which of course you already know because everybody knows that. Well, not everybody, apparently."

Well of course, we do.

As for the writers of The Simpsons, well, they certainly know one thing: how to be clever. In the opening credits of the next episode, Bart, as always, is shown copying lines on the chalkboard. This time, he writes "Judas Priest are not 'death metal.'"

Frankly, I don't think see how Judas Priest could ask for a better outcome.

And speaking of frankly and Judas Priest, here's a song by that title. Well, almost. This is "The Ballad of Frankie Lee and Judas Priest" -- by the grandfather of death metal himself, Bob Dylan.


CONDEMNED Duration: 00:00:08
Album:DYSTOPIA/BENEATH THE MASSACRE
Label:PROSTHETIC, 65619100622
Persons/Roles:
BENEATH THE MASSACRE - COMPOSER
BENEATH THE MASSACRE - POP GROUP
YANNICK ST-AMAND - PRODUCER

BEYOND THE REALMS OF DEATH Duration: 00:00:11
Album:METAL WORKS '73-'93/ JUDAS PRIEST
Label:COLUMBIA, C2K53932
Persons/Roles:
LES BINKS - COMPOSER
ROB HALFORD - COMPOSER
JUDAS PRIEST - POP GROUP

THE BALLAD OF FRANKIE LEE AND JUDAS PRIEST Duration: 00:00:58
Album:BOB DYLAN: JOHN WESLEY HARDING
Label:COLUMBIA, CK 92395
Persons/Roles:
BOB DYLAN - COMPOSER
BOB DYLAN - WRITER
BOB DYLAN - SINGING

FRIDAY G'BYES/CREDITS

That brings us to the end of As It Happens for this Friday, January 17th.

The show was produced this week by Laurie Allan, Marc Apollonio, Kevin Ball, Imogen Birchard, Chris Harbord, ... Adam Killick...

... David McDougall, Kevin Robertson, Pedro Sanchez, and Kate Swoger. Our technicians this week were Dean Ples and Reynold Gonsalves. The show director this week is Ben Edwards. Chris Howden is the show writer. Our intern is Sarah Rohoman.

John Perry is the Senior Producer.. and the Executive Producer of As It Happens is Robin Smythe.

We'd also like to thank some other people who helped us out this week: Marie Wadden in St. John's, Mary Lynk in Halifax, Susan McKenzie in Montreal, Ken Puley in Radio Archives in Toronto, Sinisa Jolic, Andrea Morales, and Cecil Fernandes in Susan Magas and Andrea Ratuski in Winnipeg, Gary Rinne in Thunder Bay, Michael O'Halloran in Calgary, and Patricia Bell in Iqaluit.

As It Happens will be back again on Monday. Have a good weekend.


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