Lesson Plan: For Teachers: Tracing the History of African-Canadian Communities
This activity is best suited for students from Grades 9-12, especially those who already have some background knowledge of Canadian history. The task will be to research and prepare a report on one aspect of the history of the African-Canadian communities of Nova Scotia, from the time of the Loyalist migrations of the late 18th century to the present day.
Students will use the CBC Digital
Archives website and the resources listed below to research, prepare, and
present a report, either orally or in written form, dealing with one of the
following aspects of the history of the African-Canadian communities of Nova
Scotia from the 18th century to the present:
The Black Loyalist Migration to Nova Scotia
Slavery in Canada
Resettlement Projects in Africa
The Early African-American Settlements
Major Community Leaders
African-Canadian Culture in Nova Scotia
Racism and Discrimination
Africville's History and Demolition
Civil Rights Movements in Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia's African-Canadian Communities Today
Reports should be presented to the class. Encourage comparison and discussion of the various communities, the factors that affected their growth and change, the impact of the communities on African-Canadian communities today and on the country as a whole. Reports can be incorporated into a classroom display of materials relating to the history of the African-Canadian communities of Nova Scotia.
Resources for this topic
Africville Genealogical Society, ed. The Spirit of Africville. Halifax: Formac, 1992.
Best, Carrie. That Lonesone Road. New Glasgow NS: Clarion, 1977.
Boyd, Frank S. A Brief History of the Coloured Baptists of Nova Scotia. Halifax: Afro Nova Scotia Enterprises, 1976.
Carter, Velma and Levero (Lee) Carter. The Black Canadians: Their History and Contributions. Edmonton: Reidmore, 1989.
Clairmont, Donald H. and Dennis W. McGill. Africville: The Life and Death of a Canadian Black Community. Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press, 1987.
Henry, Frances. Forgotten Canadians: The Blacks of Nova Scotia. Don Mills ON: Longman, 1973.
Hill, Daniel G. The Freedom-Seekers: Blacks in Early Canada. Agincourt ON: Book Society of Canada, 1981.
Hill, Lawrence. Trials and Triumphs: The Story of African-Canadians. Toronto: Umbrella Press, 1993.
Pachai, Bridglal. Beneath the Clouds of the Promised Land: The Survival of Nova Scotia's Blacks. Halifax: Black Educators Association of NS, 1990.
---------- . Peoples of the Maritimes: Blacks. Tantallon NS: Four East, 1993.
Walker, James. The Black Loyalists: The Search for a Promised Land. New York: Africana, 1976.
----------. Racial Discrimination in Canada: The Black Experience. Ottawa: Canadian Historical Association, 1985.
Winks, Robin W. The Blacks in Canada: A History, 2nd ed. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's UP, 1997.
Boyd, George. "Consecrated Ground."[dramatization] (Halifax: Blizzard, 1999)
Coal Harbour: A Racial Divide.[video] (CBC News in Review, December 1997)
Nolan, Faith. "Africville." [audio recording](information unavailable)
Racism Then and Now. [video] (CBC News in Review, October 2001)
Remember Africville. [video] (National Film Board of Canada, 1991)
Sealy, Joe. "Africville Suite." (SEA Jam 1005-2)
The Spirit of Africville. [video] (CBC)