1957: First meeting of the Pugwash Conference
The idea for the conference was born of an antiwar manifesto issued by scientist Albert Einstein and philosopher Bertrand Russell in 1955. They argued scientists played a crucial role in the negotiation of peace. Over the years, the conference grew in influence and reach, playing a significant role in the development of the Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968 and the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty of 1972. These CBC Radio reports examine the importance of Rotblat's award and the Conference's origins.
• Cyrus Eaton was born in Pugwash in 1883 and died in Cleveland, Ohio in 1979. A philanthropist committed to peace, he grew wealthy in the American banking and steel industries. • "One of the great things I hope to accomplish is to get people of different faiths, different nationalities and different tongues to get together and find they are actually brothers after all." -- Cyrus Eaton.
Also on July 3:
• 1797: The Law Society of Upper Canada is established in Niagara-on-the-Lake. It is the oldest statutory professional body in North America.
• 1934: The Bank of Canada Act receives royal assent. The bank starts as a private institution, and in 1938 becomes a Crown corporation reporting to Parliament.
• 1992: A Quebec jury acquits 34 Mohawks for their part in the 77-day armed standoff at Oka in 1990.
Program: The World At Six
Broadcast Date: Oct. 13, 1995
Guest(s): Carl Demings, Cyrus Eaton, Gregg Gass
Host: Bernie McNamee, Bob Oxley
Reporter: Chris Hall
Photo: Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
Last updated: November 4, 2014
Page consulted on February 3, 2015
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