1955: Canso Causeway links Cape Breton to mainland
• With an average depth of 60 metres, the Strait of Canso is the deepest natural harbour in North America. The Canso Causeway is the deepest causeway in the world. It's part of the TransCanada Highway.
• A causeway is a raised road or path, supported from below, as opposed to a bridge, which is often supported from above.
• The name "Canso" comes from the Mi'kmaq word "Kamsok," meaning "opposite the lofty cliffs."
• The Canso Strait has been ice-free since the causeway was built. Locks on the Cape Breton side allow small ships through, and preserve Cape Breton's island status.
• The causeway is a great place for bird watching. Gulls, grebes, loons and even Bald Eagles congregate there during fish migrations.
• Cape Breton Island is 175 kilometres long and 140 kilometres wide. Explorer John Cabot is said to have landed on the island in 1497 and claimed it for England (others say Cabot's landfall was in Newfoundland or Maine.) Thousands of Scottish and Irish settlers came to live on the island in the 1700s and 1800s.
• The 263-km long Fleur-de-lis Trail begins at the Canso Causeway and ends at Fortress Louisbourg.
Also on August 13:
• 1980: Canadian oceanographer Joseph MacInnis discovers the sunken wreck of the Scottish-built HMS "Breadalbane." The ship, which was used as a supply vessel for the Franklin Expedition, was crushed by ice and sank in the Arctic Ocean in 1853.
• 1990: Gilles Duceppe becomes the first MP elected under the banner of the separatist Bloc Québécois. He wins a byelection in the riding of Laurier-Ste.Marie. Que.
• 1992: Justice Michel Monnin rules that mandatory Christian prayer in Manitoba's schools is unconstitutional. Manitoba was the last bastion of compulsory prayer in public schools in Canada.
Program: Here Today
Broadcast Date: July 22, 1980
Reporter: John Lewendowski
Last updated: August 13, 2013
Page consulted on December 6, 2013
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