Nova Scotia Elections: 'All's still well with Angus L.'
For generations, Nova Scotia's politics were a largely predictable affair that saw the Liberal Party serve in virtual dynasties that lasted in excess of 40 years. That all changed in the 1950s, when voters' loyalties to the "party of their parents" ended and the Progressive Conservatives began to emerge as a viable alternative. CBC Archives takes a look back at the decades long tug of war between the Liberals and Conservatives in "Canada's Ocean Playground."
• Tupper first became the premier of Nova Scotia in 1864, three years before Confederation, as leader of the Confederation Party (later the Conservative party). Tupper would eventually become Canada's sixth prime minister with the shortest term. Tupper was in office from May 1, 1896, to July 8, 1896, less than two months.
• The list of Nova Scotian premiers after Annand:
— Philip Carteret Hill (Liberal) 1875-1878.
— Simon H. Holmes (Conservative) 1878-1882.
— John Sparrow David Thompson (Conservative) 1882.
— William T. Pipes (Liberal) 1882-1884.
— William S. Fielding (Liberal) 1884-1896.
— George H. Murray (Liberal) 1896-1923.
— Ernest H. Armstrong (Liberal) 1923-1925.
— Edgar N. Rhodes (Conservative) 1925-1930.
— Gordon S. Harrington (Conservative) 1930-1933.
• Angus Lewis Macdonald was born in Dunvegan, Nova Scotia, on Aug. 10, 1890. He was elected leader of the Nova Scotia Liberal Party in 1930.
• Macdonald first led the Liberal party to victory in 1933. The then 43-year-old easily beat Premier Gordon Harrington and the Conservatives to become the new Liberal premier in Nova Scotia.
• As premier, Macdonald instituted unemployment relief and old age pensions. He passed laws allowing workers to form trade unions and began a large-scale highway building initiative to create jobs. Macdonald was easily re-elected in 1937 under the campaign slogan
• In 1940, Macdonald left provincial politics to serve in the wartime cabinet of Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King. Alexander MacMillan became the interim premier. MacMillan retired from politics in 1945 to allow Macdonald to return to his provincial career.
• In April 1945, Macdonald was elected a third time — leading the Liberal party to its greatest victory in Nova Scotia. Running under the slogan "All's well with Angus L," the Liberals shut out the Tories and left the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), the precursor to the New Democratic Party, with just two seats.
• In the 1949 provincial election, Liberals won 27 seats, the Conservatives nabbed eight and the CCF won two. The number of ridings in Nova Scotia rose from 30 to 37 in 1949.
• Macdonald was the premier of Nova Scotia from September 1933 to July 1940 and again from September 1945 to April 1954. He was responsible for developing a modern highway system in Nova Scotia, including the causeway linking Cape Breton to the mainland and a suspension bridge between Halifax and Dartmouth.
• Macdonald died in office from a sudden heart attack on April 13, 1954.
• More than 100,000 Nova Scotians lined the streets for his funeral procession. Macdonald was described by one newspaper as one of Nova Scotia's "most beloved statesman and scholar."
• Harold Connolly became the interim premier and Liberal party leader following Macdonald's death. He was succeeded by Henry Davies Hicks in the 1954 Liberal leadership convention.
• Robert Stanfield beat Liberal leader Henry Hicks in the 1956 election, becoming the first Conservative Nova Scotian premier in 23-years.
Program: Radio News
Broadcast Date: June 9, 1949
: Frank Doyle
Host: Bill Reid
Photo: Public Archives of Nova Scotia, N935.
Last updated: January 17, 2012
Page consulted on December 6, 2013
All Clips from this Topic
Premier Angus Macdonald leads his Liberals to their fourth election vi...
Robert Stanfield urges voters to judge him on his own record.
Robert Stanfield talks with CBC Radio about his Tory majority win in t...
George Isaac Smith addresses the 1967 Conservative leadership conventi...
Tory leader G.I. Smith, NDP leader Jeremy Akerman and Liberal leader G...
Fresh from his Liberal Party's surprise 1970 election coup, Premier Ge...
A look back at the political career of George (Ike) Smith, premier of ...
A fringe candidate from Cape Breton livens up an otherwise uneventful ...
Liberal John Savage ends 15 years of Tory rule.
Voters reject minority government and hand John Hamm and the Tories a ...
Hamm falls two seats short of majority and returns with a minority gov...
34-year-old Rodney MacDonald is elected the new leader of the Conserva...
On June 13, 2006, the N.S. PCs keep their minority government, but the...
For generations, Nova Scotia's politics were a largely predictable aff...