CBC Digital Archives

India: A nation on the move

India is the world's largest democracy and its second most populous, but for decades its image was mainly that of a poor nation with a rich history. Shaken by periodic religious strife and still largely a rural and agricultural country, India has nevertheless emerged in the new millennium as an increasingly important global player. From its colonial origins to the bright lights of Bollywood, CBC Digital Archives presents a collection of clips about India past and present.

With a new IBM computer plant, the Bhakra hydroelectric dam and a considerable grain output, Punjab is one of India's most prosperous states. But in neighbouring Rajasthan, drought has had a devastating effect and religion is one of the few respites. In this CBC-TV clip, these are two contrasting pictures of India, a country that is beginning to change in the late 1980s. Despite its problems, India remains the world's largest democracy and a role model for the developing world.
• In the 1980s India went through a period of intense political and religious turmoil. In Punjab, a state dominated by the Sikh religious minority, nationalists were pushing for a separate Sikh state called Khalistan. The movement faded in the 1990s, but in 2008 the BBC reported that extremists still pushing for a separate Khalistan received funding from supporters in the United Kingdom. • In 1984 a group of violent Sikh extremists occupied the Golden Temple, a Sikh shrine in the city of Amritsar. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi authorized military action against the temple, resulting in hundreds of deaths. Five months later, a Sikh bodyguard assassinated Gandhi, prompting Hindu extremists to attack Sikh neighbourhoods in Delhi and ending in thousands more deaths. 

Medium: Television
Program: The Journal
Broadcast Date: Jan. 26, 1988
Reporter: Jerry Thompson
Duration: 14:49

Last updated: February 3, 2012

Page consulted on December 6, 2013

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