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2002 G8 Summit devises 'landmark document for Africa'

It began in 1975 as an exclusive intellectual retreat where leaders of the world's industrial powers could discuss common interests face to face. What is now the annual G8 economic summit has been criticized as an expensive, media-oriented display that yields few tangible accomplishments. As Canada plays host for the fifth time in 2010, CBC Digital Archives looks back at the preparations, the players and the protests when the world's wealthiest power brokers came calling in 1981, 1988, 1995 and 2002.

The leaders at the 2002 G8 Summit in Kananaskis, Alta., have devised a "landmark document for Africa." It focuses on reducing debt, improving education, ending regional wars and opening western markets to the continent. But there's a catch: in order to get aid, African leaders must reduce corruption and promote democracy in their countries. This 2002 CBC-TV report describes the Africa plan, gives a summary of other agenda items - "everything from the Middle East to arms reduction" - and looks at the peaceful protests at this year's G8.
• The Kananaskis G8 took place on June 26 and 27, 2002.

• The leaders at the 2002 G8 Summit were: Canada's Jean Chrétien, France's Jacques Chirac, Germany's Gerhard Schröder, Italy's Silvio Berlusconi, Japan's Junichiro Koizumi, Russia's Vladimir Putin, the U.K.'s Tony Blair, the U.S.'s George W. Bush and the European Union's Romano Prodi. Four leaders from Africa were also invited to participate in some of the sessions: South Africa's Thabo Mbeki, Nigeria's Olusegun Obasanjo, Algeria's Abdelaziz Bouteflika and Senegal's Abdoulaye Waye.

• American think tank The Brookings Institution's website featured an article in June 2009 analyzing the effectiveness of the 2002 "Africa Action Plan" so far. "There is credible evidence that the G8 Africa Action Plan has had positive outcomes especially in areas of strengthening institutions and human capital," the author said. But he warned that all the benefits could be destroyed if African aid decreased due to the economic crisis: "commitments to Africa should be increased and met during this critical time, so as to strengthen the African states and to avoid sliding into deeper fragility and poverty."

Medium: Television
Program: The National
Broadcast Date: June 27, 2002
Guest(s): Tony Blair, Jean Chrétien, John Kirton, Thabo Mbeki, Olusegun Obasanjo, Marc Richer
Reporter: Rick Boguski, Paul Hunter, Eric Sorensen
Duration: 8:32

Last updated: June 17, 2013

Page consulted on December 6, 2013

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