A new photo series on display this month as part of the Contact photography festival is dedicated to capturing Toronto taxi drivers as they move around the city.
Toronto photographer Henry VanderSpek, whose photo company is called Culturesnap, said he first became interested in taking pictures of taxi drivers more than a decade ago, while working at a refugee agency.
"A taxi driver brought a refugee claimant to the door … I was really intrigued how the driver found out about the organization, because we had no signage," he remembered.
"He said, 'I asked a bunch of my taxi driver friends, what can we do to help this guy.'"
VanderSpek's interest in what he describes as "the social network of taxi drivers" was born and in 2013, he began snapping their pictures and interviewing them about their lives.
He walked CBC Toronto through a series of his favourite portraits.
"One of the things that I learned about him is that he and his wife support 60 kids back in Bangladesh. I'm sure it just kind of grew as the years went by because he's been driving for a long time. I [believe] they are orphans. They send money, and there's an organization that helps them get schooling and makes sure they are cared for."
"He met Michael Richards, but he didn't know him by any other name but Kramer. He made him take off his glasses, and said, 'Let me look at you!' and he said, 'You're from Seinfeld.' The last bit of Rotimi's anecdote was, 'He gave me a dollar tip.' Drivers do remember the big tips that they received so I'm sure he thought it was curious he only got a dollar."
"In the middle of our interview someone walked by and asked him for directions, and he gave very specific instructions for this individual on the street how to get to where they needed to go. There's a constant service benefit that the city is getting from these drivers in terms of their knowledge and insight."
"One of the questions I asked drivers is what they do in between rides when you're waiting, I wanted to know what keeps them engaged. He said he studies trivia, and he does it so he can play cash cab. So of course, I had to ask him what cash cab is. He asks passengers if they want to play, and he'll give them trivia questions, and if they answer them correctly, he'll give them a free ride. I figure with all the years of studying he's done they've got to be some good ones."
"He's such a kind guy. He studied tourism at Centennial. I followed up with him more recently. Since about a year now he's been working at the airport in Edmonton so he's moved on. His situation, and maybe a couple of other drivers I spoke to, really illustrates what taxi driver work can be. They talk about it being a first job for immigrants. I saw a number quoted that in Toronto, more than 90 per cent of taxi drivers are immigrants. So it's an immigrant story, the work of driving a cab."With files from Here and Now